4 Fields of Anthropology

Flashcards
Name the four fields of anthropology.
cultural, physical, archaeology, linguistic
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

Paleoanthropology (human evolution as revealed by a fossil record).


physical
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

Human genetics.


physical
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

Human growth and development.


physical
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

Human biological plasticity (the body’s ability to change as it copes with stresses, such as heat, cold, and altitude).


physical
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

The biology, evolution, behavior, and social life of monkeys, apes, and other nonhuman primates.


physical
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

The study of people, their biology, and their behavior, and how that has progressed over time.


physical
What kinds of materials does a Physical Anthropologist work with?
fossil record
Anthropologists regard language as ______________________.
conservative
the discipline that studies speech and language. _______________ anthropology studies contemporary human languages as well as ones from the past.
linguistic
The English language today contains many cognates from _____________, ________________, and _____________.
Latin, German, French
__________________ anthropology offers further illustration of anthropology’s interest in comparison, variation, and change.
linguistic
__________________ anthropology studies language in its social and cultural context, across space and over time.
linguistic
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

make suggestions about universal features of language, linked perhaps to uniformities in the human brain.


linguistic
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

Reconstruction of ancient languages by comparing their contemporary descendants and in doing so making discoveries about history.


linguistic
expressed in the bilingualism of ethnic groups.
linguistic variation
____________________ and ____________________ anthropologists collaborate in studying links between language and many other aspects of culture, such as how people reckon kinship and how they perceive and classify colors.
linguistic, cultural
_________________ anthropology is the study of human society and culture, the subfield that describes, analyzes, interprets, and explains social and cultural similarities and differences.
cultural
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

Ethnography (the study of a “particular community, society, or culture” based on field work. During ethnographic field work, an ethnographer gathers data and records, analyzes, and interprets it).


cultural
___________________ Anthropologists engage in ethnography and ethnology
cultural
provides an account of a particular community, society, or culture through field work.
ethnography
“immersing… in a culture for months or years while conducting interviews and taking detailed notes as they study the history and structure of languages and the physical remains of past cultures.”
participant observation (cultural)
the study of humans and their cultures through the finding of remains.
archaeology
________________________ must take what they find and try and answer three main questions: How did they live their lives, how did they adapt to their surroundings, and how and why their cultures have changed since.
archaeologists
Which field of anthropology does the following relate to:

The use of Radiocarbon C14 and other absolute dating techniques.


archaeology
information that _____________ __________ can give us:

human behavior and cultural patterns
consumption and activities
ages of slaughtered animals and whether species were wild or domesticated from animal remains
how ancient economies worked
patterns of production, trade and consumption (eg. hunting or breeding, farming or gathering, producing, trading, or buying)
how people live their daily lives, how people understand the world around them, how they adapt to the surrounding environment, and how and why cultures change


material remains (archaeology)
___________________ reconstruct patterns of production, trade, and consumption.
archaeologists

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