4 types of Anthropology

Flashcards
Archaeology
-The study of human cultures and behaviors through material remains an pre existing physical remains
Archaeology- What is a material remain?
Items left behind by
– humans
– plants
– animals
Archaeology- How do archeologists utilize modern technology?
– Radiocarbon C14 and other absolute dating techniques
Archaeology- What information can material remains give historians?
– Show historians things people in the past used
– What people did in that time period
Archaeology- How can Archaeology contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
– Teaches us what our ancestors ate, wore, and lived
– Find answers to unanswered questions
– See how the past cultures solved conflict
Cultural Anthropology
Study of human society and culture
-which describes, analyzes, and interprets similarities and differences in society and culture
Cultural- What kinds of activities do Cultural Anthropologists engage in?
Ethnography and Ethnology
– Gather data to make it into writing
Cultural- What is Participant Observation?
When people immerse themselves in a culture for months or years
Cultural- What is Ethnography?
When people experience customs and cultures of individual people from their own point of view
Cultural- How can Cultural Anthropology contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
– Explains cultural and social similarities and differences
– See how we have changed and progressed
– Able to know language affects culture
Linguistic- What is Linguistic Anthropology?
Human languages from past/present
Studies language in:
-Culture
-social aspects
-Occurrence/Movement
Language carries on as people change
Linguistic- How is language ‘conservative’ (holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation)?
Language is kept with them
-Moving to areas
-Adopting new food
-Take to guns and horses
Linguistic- What are some areas that linguistic anthropologists focus on?
Language & Speech
Culture
-Culture doesn’t change language
Movement of languages
-How long it takes
Effect on social communication
Linguistic- What cultural Practices can it clue us to?
-Aspects of Culture
-How people reckon kinship
-How they perceive color
Linguistic- How can Linguistic Anthropology Contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
Further illustrations of
-Comparison
-Variation
-Change
Anthropologists make suggestions about universal features of language
Piecing together an old language can help make discoveries about history
Physical- What is Physical Anthropology?
– Study of people from a biological perspective
– Relationship among genes, behavior, and environment in order to understand change over time
Physical- What kinds of materials does a Physical Anthropologist work with?
Osteology- Study of bones and help identify them and materials
Paleontologist- examine fossils
Physical- How do physical anthropologists bridge the gap between social studies and the sciences?
– Fossils are part of the past and show how things evolved
– Genetics show different times things lived
– Behavior relates to Science and Social Studies
Physical- What information can fossils give us?
– Information on the past
– Information on our ancestors
– Information on plants, animals, and tools
Physical- How can Physical Anthropology contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
– It helps us know how everything came to be
– Records how much people have changed
– Learn how people acted
– Learned about peoples resources
– What genes, behavior and environment have in common

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