4 types of Anthropology

-The study of human cultures and behaviors through material remains an pre existing physical remains
Archaeology- What is a material remain?
Items left behind by
– humans
– plants
– animals
Archaeology- How do archeologists utilize modern technology?
– Radiocarbon C14 and other absolute dating techniques
Archaeology- What information can material remains give historians?
– Show historians things people in the past used
– What people did in that time period
Archaeology- How can Archaeology contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
– Teaches us what our ancestors ate, wore, and lived
– Find answers to unanswered questions
– See how the past cultures solved conflict
Cultural Anthropology
Study of human society and culture
-which describes, analyzes, and interprets similarities and differences in society and culture
Cultural- What kinds of activities do Cultural Anthropologists engage in?
Ethnography and Ethnology
– Gather data to make it into writing
Cultural- What is Participant Observation?
When people immerse themselves in a culture for months or years
Cultural- What is Ethnography?
When people experience customs and cultures of individual people from their own point of view
Cultural- How can Cultural Anthropology contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
– Explains cultural and social similarities and differences
– See how we have changed and progressed
– Able to know language affects culture
Linguistic- What is Linguistic Anthropology?
Human languages from past/present
Studies language in:
-social aspects
Language carries on as people change
Linguistic- How is language ‘conservative’ (holding to traditional attitudes and values and cautious about change or innovation)?
Language is kept with them
-Moving to areas
-Adopting new food
-Take to guns and horses
Linguistic- What are some areas that linguistic anthropologists focus on?
Language & Speech
-Culture doesn’t change language
Movement of languages
-How long it takes
Effect on social communication
Linguistic- What cultural Practices can it clue us to?
-Aspects of Culture
-How people reckon kinship
-How they perceive color
Linguistic- How can Linguistic Anthropology Contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
Further illustrations of
Anthropologists make suggestions about universal features of language
Piecing together an old language can help make discoveries about history
Physical- What is Physical Anthropology?
– Study of people from a biological perspective
– Relationship among genes, behavior, and environment in order to understand change over time
Physical- What kinds of materials does a Physical Anthropologist work with?
Osteology- Study of bones and help identify them and materials
Paleontologist- examine fossils
Physical- How do physical anthropologists bridge the gap between social studies and the sciences?
– Fossils are part of the past and show how things evolved
– Genetics show different times things lived
– Behavior relates to Science and Social Studies
Physical- What information can fossils give us?
– Information on the past
– Information on our ancestors
– Information on plants, animals, and tools
Physical- How can Physical Anthropology contribute to our knowledge of history and the world around us?
– It helps us know how everything came to be
– Records how much people have changed
– Learn how people acted
– Learned about peoples resources
– What genes, behavior and environment have in common

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