Anthropology 100 ch 1

Flashcards
Your professor researches the turkana pastoralistof kenya, investigating both the genetic changes that allows them to digest milk and the role that dairy animals have played in their history. Your professor most likely uses which of the following methods in her research
The biological approach
Physical anthropology is
Biological, social, and interdisciplinary
New research in Ethiopia in 2001 changed the way we think about human origins by demonstrating that the earliest hominids lived in
Woodlands
Which of the following outlines the steps of the scientific method in their proper order
Identify a problem, state a hypothesis, collect data, test the hypothesis
Humankind is still evolving but recent genetic changes are often less interesting to physical anthropologists than the striking evolutionary changes that differentiated our hominid ancestors from apes. Which of the following is a possible reason for this
Our species now completely depends on culture for its survival
modern humans lost the typical primate honing Caine used for food processing because of which invention
Stone tools
The anthropologist wants to know about the lifestyle of our human ancestors and is studying modern primates (chimpanzees) for clues to the past. What aspect of chimps’ lives is least likely to interest her
Variation in the chimps fur color
A scientific hypothesis can
Be refuted by new information, predict future outcomes, and help to explain phenomenon
The style of locomotion shown here is the earliest and most profound difference between humans and other animals
True
A scientific theory is nothing but a guess
False
Your best friends great uncle went missing in action during his pacific tour during world war 2. Your friend wants to find out what happened to these enlisted men and women and to bring them home. What course of study would you suggest that your friend pursue in college
Forensic anthropology
Physical anthropology deals with all aspects of human biology, both past and present
True
The environment doesn’t affect human biological makeup
False
Physical anthropology is the study of human _____and human bio cultural
Evolution, variation
Physical anthropology can understand human biological variation by looking at changes in
Genes, health, lifestyle
The 4 branches of anthropology are
Cultural, physical, archaeology, and linguistics anthropology
A physical anthropologist would study which of the following
Primate behavior, skeleton from Ancient Rome, modern hunter-gatherers in africa
For your physical anthropology research project, you report that you measured the length of 150 gorilla thigh bones, and you suggest that the two groups you found represent different sexes. What problem might your professor have with this report
Your report does not attempt to test a hypothesis

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