Cultural Anthropology Chapter 1 Vocab

Flashcards
Anthropology
the study of the human species and its immediate ancestors
Holistic
encompassing past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture
Culture
traditions and customs transmitted through learning
Food Production
an economy based on plant cultivation and/or animal domestication
General Anthropology
anthropology as a whole: cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology
Biocultural
combining biological and cultural approaches to a given problem
Ethnography
fieldwork in a particular cultural setting
Cultural Anthropology
the comparative, cross-cultural study of human society and culture
Ethnology
the study of sociocultural differences and similarities
Archaeological Anthropology
the study of human behavior through material remains
Biological Anthropology
the study of human biological variation in time and space
Physical Anthropology
same as biological anthropology
Science
field of study that seeks reliable explanations, with reference to the material and physical world
Linguistic Anthropology
the study of language and linguistic diversity in time, space, and society
Sociolinguistics
the study of language in society
Applied Anthropology
using anthropology to solve contemporary problems
Cultural Resource Management
deciding what needs saving when entire archaeological sites cannot be saved
Theory
a set of ideas formulated to explain something
Association
an observed relationship between two or more variables
Hypothesis
a suggested but as yet unverified explanation

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