Cultural Anthropology FINAL Part 2

Flashcards
the subfield of anthropology that studies the material remains of past cultures, often focusing on the rise of cities, is called
archaeology
the moral and intellectual principle that one should withhold judgement about seemingly strange or exotic beliefs and practices is
cultural relativism
diversity defined anthropologically is…
focused on multiplicity and variety
Archaeologists never excavate sites where written historical documentation exists; that documentation provides a complete and accurate description of the way the people actually lived.
False
Which of the following is the most significant aspect of the salvage paradigm?
anthropologists need to collect information from societies before they die out
During fieldwork cultural anthropologists…
learn local language, record people’s economic transactions, and study how environmental changes affect agriculture (all of the above)
Ethnocentrism…
A.presents a major problem for anthropologists
B.means you think your culture is superior to others
C.is a common feature of culture
D.all of the above

D.all of the above
the most enduring and ritualized aspects of culture are referred to as…
traditions
Anthropologists generally believe in one unified theory of culture.
True
All humans are born with culture; culture is NOT learned.
False
Because our values and beliefs include many elements of life such as clothes, food, and language means that culture is…
integrated
Culture consists of the collective processes that make the artificial seem natural.
True
A cross-cultural perspective on eating insect larvae would reveal…
A.the artificiality of taste
B.the cultural constructions of insects as food
C.that eating insects can be adaptive
D.all of the above

D.all of the above
Anthropologists believe that our behavior is influenced by…
A.nature
B.nurture
C.both
D.neither

C.both
A paradigm that emphasizes humans that are made up of complex biological, cultural, and psychological processes is…
biocultural
The flexibility of the brain is called
neural plasticity
Ethnopsychology is largely concerned with…
understanding how other societies make sense of selves, persons, and emotions
Anthropologists are deeply skeptical of grandiose claims about biological destiny and the belief that nature explains all of our behavior.
True
Nature and nurture are not opposed but intertwined.
True
The affects and feelings we experience as humans…
may not have an exact equivalent description in another culture
Culture models help us make sense of the world because…
they provide a pattern for one’s own behavior and interpreting others’ actions
Intelligence is…
A.not genetically influenced
B.not marked by a single fixed gene
C.not affected by cultural influences
D.all of the above

B.not marked by a single fixed gene
Cultural anthropologists do research by…
A.building trusting relationships with people over a long period of time
B.gathering data to produce statistical models
C.focusing on single dimensions of people’s lives
D.none of the above

A.building trusting relationships with people over a long period of time
Which of the following is the defining methodology to the discipline of anthropology?
fieldwork
The people anthropologists gather data from are called…
consultants
The comparative method…
A.compares cognate wards in different languages
B.focuses on one society over a long period of time
C.uses data from many societies
D.all of the above

C.uses data from many societies
Cultural anthropology is one the the most quantitative of the social sciences.
False
Anthropologists do not consider unstructured, casual conversations data.
False
Anthropologists of the 1880s are referred to as “armchair anthropologists” because they never traveled abroad and they gathered data from other people’s reports.
True
In which of the following locations would you find an anthropologist doing fieldwork?
A.a factory
B.a mental institution
C.a New York City neighborhood
D.the Amazon rain forest
E.all of the above

E.all of the above
This type of interactions may include playing basketball, cooking, dining, or having coffee with informants:
participant observation
Using life history interviews, researchers are able to…
understand how a person’s age affects his or her role in the community
Ethical issues facing ethnographers include all of the following except…
A.ensuring informant confidentiality
B.protecting informants’ blood samples and other biological information
C.controlling and protecting access to field notes
D.being open about their research
E.none of the above

B.protecting informants’ blood samples and other biological information
An anthropologist might consider doing “anthropology at a distance” because…
A. he or she has no research funding to go into the field
B. there is conflict or violence in the field site
C. there is a rich body of data about the field site procured by others
D. all of the above
E. none of the above

D. all of the above
Which of the following groups were considered nonwhte racial groups?
A.Jews
B.Italians
C.Finns
D.all of the above

D.all of the above
The “natural” order represented in social hierarchies of any society is supported by…
A.biology
B.genetics
C.social institutions
D.historical facts

C.social institutions
All biological approaches to race are problematic because..
A. they rarely describe an actual individual or characterize whole groups of people
B. the sampling is too specific and focuses only on visible traits
C. one trait tends to be representative of other characteristics like intelligence and personal character
D. all of the above

D. all of the above
Negative or unfair treatment of a person because of his or her group membership identity is…
A. stereotyping
B. prejudice
C. discrimination
D. violence

C. discrimination

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