Exam One Anthropology

the study of humankind
subfields of anthropology
Archaeology, Biological Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology, Linguistic Anthropology, medical, environmental, applied, primatology
Cultural relativism
the principle that an individual person’s beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual’s own culture
the belief of superiority is one’s personal ethnic group, but it can also develop from racial or religious differences
Naïve Realism
the belief that people everywhere see the world in the same way
“The learned and shared knowledge that people use to generate behavior and interpret experience”
“The squired knowledge people use to interpret experience and generate behavior”
Explicit Culture
cultural knowledge people can talk about
EX: language
Tacit Culture
cultural knowledge people lack words for
EX: phonemes, waiting in line
Two main/central principles of modern ethnography or socio-cultural anthropology
fieldwork or participant observation; field notes; grasping the native’s POV; becoming a student to your informants
Ethnical Periods
Lewis Henry Morgan
Savagery, Barbarism, Civilization
Armchair anthropology
a person who has book knowledge but has never had practical experience. He/She might know the theory but has never tried it out by him/herself
Fathers of Modern Anthropology
Social – Malinowski
Cultural – Franz Boas

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