Physical Anthropology , 10 th ed. Stein and Rowe, McGraw-Hill Co. Multiple Choice Ch. 11, 13, 14, 15

Flashcards
The study of the processes that affect an organism after death is called
taphonomy
all of the following are considered to be fossils except:
a stone tool
The investigation of injuries and disease in prehistoric populations is the field of
paleopathology
The material remains of human behavior are known as
artifacts
paleospecies are defined in terms of
morphological variation
the study of sedimentary beds is termed
stratigraphy
radiocarbon dating can be used to date
a bone harpoon point
which of the following is a chronometric date
the first hominid dates to around 6 million years ago
We are currently living in which of the following eras
cenozoic
the first hominins appear in the
miocene
the earliest known hominin fossil dates to about ______ million yrs ago in __________
7, africa
the two species of early hominins known from south africa are
australopithecus africanus and paranthropus robustus
kenyanthropus platyops is named after its most distinctive feature which is
the appearance of a flat face
which of the following statement about the Taung child is NOT true
analysis of the dentition of the taung child shows that prolongation of childhood, which characterizes modern humans, was not fully developed in Australopithecus
The “Lucy” find
consists of 40 percent of a single skeleton, is assigned to the species australopithecus afarensis, was definitely bipedal
The dentition of Australopithecus afarensis is characterized by a
small diastema between the upper canine and premolar, canine the projects above the tooth row, dental arcade that is intermediate in shape between that of modern humans and apes
The genus Paranthrious is characterized by
the presence of a sagittal crest
Many of the characteristics that definr Paranthropus are related to adaptations for
heavy chewing and grinding with the back teeth
Of the following species which is oldest
australopithecus afarensis
the terms osteodontokeratic culture refers to the use of
bone, tooth, and horn tools
the oldest species of the genus homo is
homo ergaster
the first specimens of homo habilis were discovered by
louis and mary leakey at olduvai gorge
the earliest hominin species to be found outside of the African continent is
homo erectus
homo erectus is characterized by a
sagittal keel, relatively large facial skeleton as compared to homo sapiens, being platycephalic
homo ergaster is considered by those paleoanthropologists who originally split this new species off of what was previous called homo erectus and those that agree with this split to be
a species that predated homo erectus in africa and other areas, but in some ways displays characteristics more similar to homo spaiens than to homo erectus
neanderthal features include
forwars projecting face, platycephalic skull, bun-shaped occipital
the lower paleothentic begins about
2.6 mil. yrs ago with the first known use of stone tools
the middle paleolithic refers to the stone tools of
homo neandertalensis
neanderthal fossils have been found in
europe
the shape of the neanderthal basicranium has been used as evidence to support the conclusion that neanderthals were
unable to produce all of the sounds produced by modern humans
cro-magnon pop. were characterized by
broad, small faces, prominent chin, large cranial capacities
the replacement model for the evolution of homo sapiens suggests
neanderthals were not direct ancestors of modern homo sapiens
in terms of hominin evolution perhaps the most important part of the diet of early homo spaiens at pinnacle point, South Africa, was
shellfish
the “mitochondrial eve” hypothesis traces all modern pop. back to
africa, 200,000 yrs ago
there is evidence of modern looking pop. in europe by
38,000 B. P.
the find of kennewick man implies
european genes may have been included in the genome of the earliest arrivals to the new world
beringia connected
asia to north america
after the upper paleolithic, people began to utilize the food resources of the environment more extensively. This period is known as the
stone blade tools
in the middle east, the correct sequence of culture history phases is
mesolithic

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