Children at the lower end of the age range are likely to be at the associative play stage this is when two or more children actively interact with one another. Whereas usually the age range for children to play in a garden is from 2-4 years. Children at the lower end of the age range will likely to be at parallel play, this is when children play along-side each other but quite separately without communicating with one another. However, the age range for children to play in a day nursery is from 6months onwards.
Children will at this age range will likely to be solitary play, this is play that is undertaken alone or sometimes can be through choice were at other times the child may find it difficult to join in, or because of their development stage. D3+D4. A type of play that may take place at the local park is fantasy play. This is when children pretend to play a role that has not happened yet. An example of fantasy play in the local park may occur when a child is on a play ship and the child is pretending to be a pirate, turning the ships wheel.
Superhero play is a type of play that may take place in the garden. This is when children advertise a role from the television. An example for super hero play in the garden may be a child acting out to be bat man, superman spider man or even cat woman. One of the types of play that may take place in a day nursery is domestic/pretend play. This is when children act out activities that they will see at home. An example of domestic play in the day nursery is when children are cooking, sand and water play, gardening and dancing,
D5. Pretend play and Friedrich Froebel theory (1782-1852) are both similar in such ways. Friedrich Froebel theory was the first person to write about the importance of play in development and learning. He designed a set of wooden blocks in order for the children to pretend they were gifts which they are still using within the early years settings today. He also designed many other kinds of play equipment and movement games through which children learn by doing such as finger play rhymes, dancing, cooking. Mr.
Froebel encouraged pretend play and he encouraged play with other children and thought both indoor and outdoor play is to be important for the children. Fredrich also helped children to make dens in the garden so that they can play with natural materials such as sand, water and wood. Most of all Sir Fredrich thought it was very important to talk with parents and learn with them how to help children learn through their play and believed that teachers should be sensitive and approachable, and that they should have qualities that the children could respect and imitate.
D6. In the local park area with children aged 3-6years, an obstacle course could be carried out. As it is a great way to get the children excited about exercise and is also a good way to keep the children occupied for hours. We could either time them on how long it takes them to get through the climbing frame or even time them on fast a person is at running. How long they can jog on the spot and balance a body part. In the garden area with children aged 2-4years, an activity could be gardening, planting seeds as children love to explore.
Also another activity could be naming insects and finding. Knowing which insects are poisons and to stay away from them Also children in the day nurseries aged 6months onwards could play in the home area. An activity that could be carried out in this type of area is playing chefs as this can help children to learn some things that are from other cultures for example, wok, and chopsticks also they can learn about awareness of the house so they can stay out of any risks. C1.
The resources that I have chosen for when doing a obstacle course in the local park is a stable climbing frame, rugs on one side of the climbing frame for those of children who are less experienced in climbing. Tarmac so that in the wet weather it is possible to run or walk about without muddy feet tramping back indoors. A grassy slope to provide rough and tumble play and positions for a roly-poly possibility on a fine day. Reasons why these resources will help support children because they are appropriate for the age range and stage of the development of children and it’s more likely that they will injure there selves.
Resources that I have chosen for the gardening activity are gloves, spatulas, paddling pools, towels sun cream, digging patches reasons why these will support the play activity is because it will help them when exploring and keep them in a safe hygienic place. Resources that I have chosen in order to support the home area activity which is playing as a chef are sauce pans, fork, spoon, chef hat and suit these all help support the activity as children will recognize the difference between what equipment to use when in the kitchen and identify different types of food that other cultured may eat example koture/halal food.
B2. Children benefit from play activities that provide challenge and help them to understand risk by overcoming their fears of making a mistake, exercising control, their own social safety, challenged to learn about difficult things such as death, being separated by people they love or even being hurt. However learning through play is not just about having fun but also learning for life. Activities that children do can help them to understand risks by giving them a difficult challenge that they know they will either be successful or non successful at this risk and can make them understand that in life you win and lose.
Through play children make themselves were as adults will make products. It’s a natural learning role for the children the whole child can come engaged with their own imagination. Letting them use their brain on something they never though they would. All joyful places and different backgrounds around them help with their social play. Also if children have their hands on experiences, the children can benefit how to control the action themselves without an adult. B2.
Adults can encourage exploration and investigation through play by providing interesting objects that are appropriate for the age/stage of children. This is a very important way to encourage, problem solving skill experimentation and curiosity skills. Linking the topic/theme, using objects that are investigated through children senses such as taste, smell, touch, sight and listen. However Babies and young children learn about their world through their senses and by exploring objects around them. Giving children as much space as they need when playing around so that children have a wider variety of choices.