Physiological Noise – Refers to the biological influences on the communication process * How does a person’s field of experience influence a communication event? * A person’s field of experience is defined in the book as how a “person’s culture, experiences, and heredity influence his or her ability to communicate with another. ” Based on those three factors, a person will operate their communication differently than someone who was raised different culturally, as well as having different experiences than, and an alternative heritage. This question made me think about my current situation for housing at college this year. I chose to live in a house with six other girls my age, in a very nice location off-campus. The majority of my housemates are from out-of-state, and their upbringings were a lot different than mine. For instance, I grew up with a father and two brothers, so many of the “womanly” chores were in my control. I learned to do laundry and dishes at a young age, and never questioned my responsibilities; I just did what my father asked. One of my housemates was raised by a single mother and has three sisters.
They systematically assigned chores by using a white board to sign up for daily responsibilities. So, in our off-campus house, I expect to do chores that aren’t assigned to me, merely because of habit, where my housemate has brought her own white board for all of us living together to do what she has done. Regardless of the different ways of communicating, everything that needs to be completed has been, and we’re working on adjusting to everyone’s different ways of living. * In what ways are ethics and communication related to each other? * Both ethics and communication affiliate with multiple perspectives in our lives.
As stated in the book, “ethical issues surface whenever messages potentially influence others. ” * We allow ourselves to question to morality of a situation, and we question both ourselves and those who are in the situation with us, which is communicating in multiple ways. * The use an example from the last movie you saw to illustrate the interactional model of communication * What is the value of studying and understanding communication theory? * There is a lot of value in studying and understanding the communication theory. One value would be the relation to our critical thinking skills.
Reading and communicating requires the ability to think, sometimes critically, about many issues. The communication theory can aid in helping to understand issues and think critically about them. * The value of the communication theory also helps us to recognize the breadth and depth of research. It helps us appreciate “the richness of research across various fields of study. ” * Furthermore, we can make sense of our life experiences and foster self-awareness through understanding the communication theory. Chapter 2: * Define the term context, and discuss how it is related to the study of communication. Contexts are environments in which communication takes place. By studying communication, we can see the various types based on factors such as the environment. Context provides a backdrop against which researchers and theorists can analyze phenomena. Furthermore, contexts provide clarity. Communication is a matter of understanding a message, and clarity given by context only increases a better chance of understanding that message. * List and define the seven traditions of communication. Provide a unique (i. e. not from the textbook) example of each tradition of communication * 1.
The Rhetorical Tradition – noted as the “practical art” of talk. It implies that we are interested in public areas and speaking, as well as both of their functions in society. * Example: why people succeed by chance, while others by habit * 2. The Semiotic Tradition – the study of signs, and by signs that is not to just say a physical directional aid. This tradition explores the idea of something symbolizing a greater verbal usage. * Example: An American Flag raised at half mast is a “sign” for a national tragedy * I would like to elaborate on this concept.
I never really thought about how things such as an American Flag at half-mast, or a wedding ring on that finger proving marriage, are symbols that I don’t recognize first as symbols. Usually, its my first initial thought to justify what I am seeing or observing, and I never really thought about it from a communication standpoint. When I meet someone and shake their hand, and notice a wedding ring, I don’t really think about the fact that they are communicating to me they are married, although it is clear they are, whether it is intentional or not.
I think this is my favorite Tradition of Communication because it was never something I truly put thought into until now. * 3. The Phenomenological Tradition – a personal interpretation of everyday life and activities. It is intuitive and involves looking at things and events through a personal lens. * Example: An African American teacher tries to reduce bias by speaking to all African American students about the heritage of slavery in her family. * 4.
Many critical theorists would disagree with this idea as traditional families do not have divorce, let alone letting just a father raise kids. * Identify and define the two most important components of small group behavior. * Small group communication in the book is defined as the “communication among at least three individuals. ” The two more important components of small group behavior are cohesiveness and synergy. * Cohesiveness can influence whether or not the group can function effectively and efficiently. Synergy explains why small groups might be more effect than an individual at achieving goals.