Information which is provided here is correct. If at all you come across any errors you are requested to kindly let us know. * Final Year Projects * Education Boards * Professional Councils * UnApproved Colleges * Statistics | Education in India has a history dating back to the old town centers of learning at Taxila and Nalanda. With its multiplicity and paradoxes, India never ceases to fascinate. And education in India is only one among several other elements that have attracted the attention of the world.
Although the United Nations is concerned about the presence of a large number of illiterates, several more were surprised by the quality of some of the human resources that the education system in India has produced. Education in India is under the control of both the Government of the Union and States, with some responsibilities lie with the Union and States have the autonomy to others. The growth of the Indian economy in recent years and the obligation to maintain is also forcing the Indian government to accelerate development of all branches of the Indian education system.
Therefore, it would be very interesting to understand and analyze the various structures of education in India, its current status and future developments. The current education system in India is an implementation of the British rulers. 1854 Wood office laid the foundations of the current system of education in India. Before the arrival of the British in India, the education system is a private one. With the introduction of the Office of wood known as the Magna Carta of Indian education, the situation changed. The main objective was to prepare for the operation of India Employees of local government.
Under it the means of school education were the vernacular, whereas higher education was given in English only. British government began to fund Indian schools in need of help and thus gradually some of the schools became government-aided.. The growth of the Indian economy in recent years and the obligation to maintain is also forcing the Indian government to accelerate the development of all branches of the Indian education system. Therefore, it would be very interesting to understand and analyze the various structures of education in India, its current status and future developments.
India Education Historical Background The Vedas, Puranas, Ayurveda, Yoga, Kautilya Arthasahtra are just some of the milestones that the traditional system of India boasts of knowledge. Evidence of a formal education in ancient India under the Gurukul system. In the Gurukul system, young boys who were passing through the stage of the chastity of life had to stay at the Guru or the teacher’s house and complete their education. Although the old education system has produced many geniuses and remains an important area of research, is not equal. Women and people of lower castes are losing their right to education.
The spread of Jainism, Buddhism, Bhakti and Sufi movements had some effects of the release of the situation of women and Sudras atisudras. But is the English language and movements of the Reformation of the 19th century that had the most liberating effect in pre-independent India. So the British, although rightly criticized for devastating the Indian economy, can also be credited for leading a revolution in the Indian education system. India Education Present Condition Shortly after gaining independence in 1947, achieving education for all has become a priority for the government.
As discrimination based on caste and gender has been a major obstacle to the healthy development of Indian society have been made illegal by the Indian Constitution. The 86th constitutional amendment also has made the elementary education a fundamental right for children between the age-group 6 to 14 years. According to the 2001 census, the total literacy rate in India is 65. 38%. The literacy rate for women is only 54. 16%. The gap between rural and urban literacy rate is also very important in India. This is evident by the fact that only 59. 4% of the population in rural areas are literate, compared to 80.
Of the urban population of 3% according to the 2001 census. To develop the system of higher education, the government established the University Grants Commission in 1953. The main function of UGC has been to regulate the level and distribution of higher education in India. There was a marked progress in expanding higher education if we take into account the increase in higher education institutes in India. The higher education system in India, covering more than 15,000 universities, 20 central universities, 219 state universities, 110 universities and 13 institutes National considered important.
This number will soon swell as the creation of 30 more central universities, 8 IITs, 7 IIMs and 5 new Indigenous Institutes of Science is now proposed. Education System in India The present education system in India, consisting mainly of primary education, secondary education, secondary and higher education. Primary education consists of eight years of education. Each secondary and upper secondary education has two years of education. Higher education in India begins after passing upper secondary education or Rule 12. Depending on the tide, doing graduation in India can take three to five years.
Graduate courses are usually two to three years. After completing post-graduate students can do research in different educational institutions also remained open. Prominent Educational Institutes in India There are quite a number of educational institutes in India that can compete with the best educational institutes in the world. The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Indian Institute of Management (IIMs), Indian Institute of Science, National Law Schools, Jawaharlal Nehru University are some of the institutes. Education for the Marginalized in India
As education is the means to achieve socio-economic transformation in society, the various measures being taken to improve access to education for marginalized sectors of society. One such measure is the introduction of reservation in institutes of higher education. Under current law, 7. 5% in schools seats are reserved for the tribes, 15% of scheduled castes and 27% for non-creamy layer of other backward classes (OBC). Under the Constitution of India, various minority groups can also create their own educational institutions.
They are also taking steps to improve access to higher education among women in India by establishing several educational institutions exclusively or reservation of seats in existing institutions. The growing acceptance of online courses and the expansion of the open university system is also contributing greatly to the democratization of higher education in India. Conclusion Despite all efforts to develop the education system in India, access, equity and quality of education in India continue to haunt the policy makers to date. This is mainly due to widespread poverty and prejudice diverse.
The inability to check the dropout rates among the marginalized sectors of the population is another concern. However, the renewed emphasis on education sector in the five-year plan and 11 increased spending on primary and higher education can act as a palliative for the Indian education system. Why is India still a developing country and what is stopping it from being a developed country? This particular question strikes me every time when I read something about India’s education system. I see India’s education system as a stumbling block towards its objectives of achieving inclusive growth.
Let me inform you about certain startling facts. India is going to experience a paradox of nearly 90 million people joining the workforce but most of them will lack requiste skills and the mindset for productive employment according to a report in DNA. India has about 550 million people under the age of 25 years out of which only 11% are enrolled in tertiary institutions compared to the world average of 23%. I wouldn’t be laying too much emphasis on the drawbacks of India’s public education system because it has been an issue well debated over in the past and the main flaws have already been pointed out before.
I will be focussing on how the education system’s failure is leading to another social issue of income inequality and hence, suggest certain policies to improve India’s education system and reduce inequality. The really critical aspect of Indian public education system is its low quality. The actual quantity of schooling that children experience and the quality of teaching they receive are extremely insufficient in government schools. A common feature in all government schools is the poor quality of education, with weak infrastructure and inadequate pedagogic attention.