Ch.1 Sec.1 RAMS

Geography
parallel
another name for a line of latitude
longitude
lines on a map or globe that meet at the North to South poles
latitude
lines on a map or globe that go from east to west, they lay flat and never meet
meridian
another word for a line of longitude
cardinal directions
North, East, South, West (Never Eat Smelly Walruses)
geography
the study of the earth and all things on it
hemishere
one half of the earth, there are four hemisheres
absolute location
a location marked by an exact
relative location
a location marked by using one thing in relationship to another using words such as next to, near, or between
scale
a tool used to judge the relative size, or distance of something on a map
key
a tool on a map that explains what the symbols and colors mean
distortion
when accuracy is lost
projection
a flat, usually paper version of the globe
compass rose
a diagram that shows the major and secondary directions used for navigation
Prime Meridian
the main line of longitude that runs through Greenwich, England. used to measure distance east and west in degrees.
Equator
the main line of latitude that divides the Northern Hemisphere from the Southern Hemisphere. used to measure distance north and south in degrees.
intermediate directions
northeast(NE), southwest(SW), northwest(NW), and southeast(SE)

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