Chapter 1

Geography
Perspective
Point of view passed on a person’s experiences and personal understanding. P3
Spatial perspective
Point of view based on looking at where something is and why it is there. P3
Geography
The study of earth’s physical and cultural features. P3
Urban
An area that contains a city. P4
Rural
An area of open land that is often used for farming. P4
Absolute location
The exact spot on Earth where something is found, often stated in latitude and longitude. P7
Relative location
The position of a place in relation to another place. P7
Subregions
Small areas of a region. P8
Diffusion
The movements of ideas or behaviors from one culture region to another. P9
Levees
Large walls, usually made of dirt, built along rivers to prevent flooding. P10
Human geography
The study of people, past or present. P11
Physical geography
The study of Earth’s natural landscape and physical systems, including the atmosphere. P11
Cartography
The art and science of mapmaking. P13
Meteorology
The field of forecasting and reporting rainfall, temperatures, and other atmospheric conditions. P13
Climatology
The field of tracking Earth’s larger atmospheric systems. P13

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