Chapter 1, Section 1 Vocabulary

Geography
PARALLEL
In geography, another name for a line of latitude.
LONGITUDE

Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees; lines on a map or globe that meet at the North Pole and the South Pole; used to measure distance east and west of the Prime Meridian.

 

LATITUDE
The distance north or south of the Equator, measured in units called degrees; they “lay flat” and never meet; used to measure degrees north and south of the Equator.
MERIDIAN
another word for a line of longitude.
CARDINAL DIRECTIONS
north, south, east, and west.
GEOGRAPHY
the study of the earth and all things on it.
HEMISPHERE
one half of the earth, there are four of them:  Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western.
ABSOLUTE LOCATION
a location marked exactly like a postal address.
RELATIVE LOCATION
a location marked by using one thing in relationship to another using words such as “next to”, “near”, and “between”.
SCALE
a tool used to judge the relative size; a bar used to measure distance on a map in miles or kilometers.
KEY
a tool on a map that explains what the symbols and colors mean.
DISTORTION
when accuracy is lost; more distortion occurs near the North and South Poles.  (A globe is the best representation of Earth.)
PROJECTION
a flat, usually paper version of a globe.
COMPASS ROSE
a diagram that shows the major and secondary directions used for navigation.
PRIME MERIDIAN
the main line of longitude that runs through Greenwich, England.  Used as a reference point to measure distance east and west in degrees.
EQUATOR
The line of latitude around the middle of the globe; the main line of latitude that divides the Northern Hemisphere from the Southern Hemisphere.  Used as a reference point to measure distance north and south in degrees.
INTERMEDIATE DIRECTIONS
northeast (NE), southwest (SW), northwest (NW), and southeast (SE) are examples.

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