Chapter 1 Section 2

Geography
Grid
lines that circle the globe in east-west and north-south directions
Latitude
invisible lines running east to west
Longitude
invisible lines running north to south
Equator
an imaginary line that circles the globe halfway between Earth’s North and South Poles
Parallels
lines of latitude
Meridians
lines of longitude
Prime Meridian
an imaginary line drawn from the North Pole through Greenwich, England, to the South Pole
Degrees
the measure of distance
Hemispheres
the two halves of the globe divided by the equator
Continents
seven large land masses
Atlas
a collection of maps in one book
Map Projections
the different ways of presenting the Round Earth on flat maps
Great-Circle Route
the shortest route between any two place on the planet
Compass Rose
arrows that point in North, East, South, and West directions
Legend
identifies the symbols on a map and what they represent
Contigious
connecting, continuing , or bordering
Precipitation
condensed droplets of water that fall as rain, snow, sleet, or hail
Topography
elevation layout, and shapes of the land
Climate Graphs
shows the average temperatures and precipitation of a place
Population Pyramids
shows the percentages of males and females by ages group in a country’s population

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