Chapter 1 Vocabulary

Geography
latitude
the distance north or south of the Equator,measured in units called degrees
longitude
the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured in degrees
cardinal directions
north, south, east, and west
intermediate directions
northeast, southeast, southwest, northwest
parallel
in geography, another name for a line of latitude
meridian
another word for a line of longitude
hemispheres
one half of the Earth; there are 4 of these (northern, southern, eastern, and western)
geography
the study of earth
scale
a tool used to judge the relative size or distance of something on a map
distortion
when accuracy is lost; messed up
projection
a flat, usually paper version of the globe
key
a tool on a map that explains what the symbols and colors mean
locator globe
shows the location of the area covered by the map
movement
how people, goods, and ideas get from one place to another
region
used to group places that have something in common
location
the beginning step of studying a specific place.
interaction between humans and their environment
how people affect their environment and how their environment affects them
place
human and physical features at a specific location
Mercator Projection
makes the areas near the poles look bigger than they are so they can keep the longitude lines straight.
Equal-Area Projection
shows the correct size of landmasses, but their shapes are altered.
Robinson Projection
shows most distances, sizes, and shapes quite accurately.

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