Chapter 10: Demography

The study of population, including the factors that influence where people settle, why they migrate, and why populations grow or decline.
A people who wander rather than settling in one place.
Industrial Revolution
Beginning in England after 1750The period in which fundamental changes were introduced in the way goods were made. People started making goods with machines in factories, using steam power, instead of making them at home by hand.
The movement of great numbers of people from rural (countryside) areas into towns and cities.
Physical Factors
Landforms, climate, nearness to bodies of water, and natural resources. These physical factors often influence the size and distribution of human settlements.
Human Factors
Human developments and human needs that may affect where people settle.
Population Density
how many people live in a given area, such as the average number of people per square mile (or square kilometer). The more crowded an area, the higher this will be.
Dot Population Map
The use of dots to indicate where major towns and cities are located.
Population Density Map
A map that uses patterns or colors to show how many people live in a given area.
Squatter Settlements
Makeshift or shanty towns where poor people live in dwellings made from scrap materials, such as plywood, corrugated metal, and plastic sheets. These usually spring up on the outskirts of large cities.
Social scientists who study the characteristics of human populations as well as where people settle.
Population Pyramid
A diagram used by demographers to compare the numbers of males and females of different ages in a particular society. Different bars are stacked up to create a pyramid showing age distribution in a society.

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