Chapter 12 Vocab

Geography
Llanos
plains
Gran Chaco
Great hunting land
Pampas
grasslands
El Nino
when the eastern pacific ocean is warmer and wetter than normal
La Nina
when Pacific waters are colder than normal.
Tepuis
A chain of high plateau’s
Tree Line
the line of elevation above which trees do not grow.
Tar Sands
rock or sand layers that contain oil.
Andes
continual range of highlands along the western coast of South America
Altiplano
west-central South America, where the Andes are at their widest
Lake Titicaca
located in the Andes on the border of Peru and Bolivia
Guiana Highlands
northeast South America that forms a portion of the northern coast.
Brazilian Highlands
an extensive geographical region, covering most of the eastern, southern and central portions of Brazil
Amazon River
the second longest river in the world and by far the largest by waterflow with an average discharge greater than the next seven largest rivers combined
Patagonia
located at the southern end of South America, territory shared by Argentina and Chile
Tierra del Fuego
off the southernmost tip of the South American mainland, across the Strait of Magellan.
Orinoco River
76.3% of it in Venezuela and the remainder in Colombia
Parana River
south Central South America, running through Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina
Rio de la Plata
on the border between Argentina and Uruguay. It is a funnel-shaped indentation on the southeastern coastline of South America
Atacama Desert
a plateau in South America
Lake Maracaibo
a large brackish bay in Venezuela
Chibcha
Ancient kingdom in South America that ruled and eveloped gold-working skills.
Inca
South America’s greatest Ancient Civilization.
Latifundia
large estates
Buffer State
a small country between two large and more powerful countries
Coup
a government that takes over by force
Manioc
a tropical plant with starchy roots.
Cuzco
a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley of the Andes mountain range
Buenos Aires
the capital and largest city of Argentina
Rio de Janeiro
the capital city of the State of Rio de Janeiro, the second largest city of Brazil
Bogota
the capital, and largest city, of Colombia.
La Paz
the administrative capital of Bolivia
Quito
the capital city of Ecuador in northwestern South America
Mercosur
a trade orginization formed by southern countries in South America
Minifundia
Small farms made from large estates
Favelas
Slums where the Urban poor people live.
Landlocked
A country that has no border on the ocean.
Terrorism
The use of fear and violence as a political force.
Manaus
a city in Brazil, the capital of the state of Amazonas
Santiago
the capital and largest city of Chile
Lima
the capital and the largest city of Peru. It is located in the valleys of the Chillon

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