Chapter 14 Vocab

Geography

 Aborigine

The ancestors of today’s native Australian

Aotearoa

Indigenous name for the North and South Islands of New Zealand, meaning “Land of the Long White Cloud”

Archipelago

Eastern, small island groups

Asia-Pacific Economic Co-operation Group (APEC)

An organization designed to encourage economic development in Southeast Asia and the Pacific Basin

Atoll

The combination of narrow sandy islands, barrier coral reefs, and shallow central lagoons/

Haoles

Light-skinned European and American foreigners were successfully profiting from commercial sugarcane plantations and Pacific shipping contracts.

high islands

formed by larger active volcanoes, which often rise to a considerable elevation and cover a large area.

hot spot

where moving oceanic crust passes over a supply of magma from Earth’s interior, thus creating a chain of volcanic islands.

Kanakas

Pacific Island laborers who were spatially and socially segregated from their Anglo employers but further diversified the mix of Queensland’s “sugar coast”/

low islands

The thousands of low islands are made out of coral – many are coral atolls [pacoral]. They are smaller and rise little above sea level. The low islands are therefore more exposed to the storms and tsunamis (tidal waves causes by underwater earthquakes) found in the south Pacific.

mallee

a scrubby eucalyptus woodland.

Maori

Native peoples of New Zealand who share many cultural and physical characteristics with the somewhat lighter skinned peoples of the mid-Pacific region.

Melanesia

“dark islands” , contains the culturally complex, generally darker-skinned peoples of New guinea, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Figi.

Micronesia

Meaning “small islands”, more culturally diverse, is north of Melanesia and west of Polynesia and includes microstates such as Nauru and the Marshall Islands, as well as the U.S. territory of Guam.

Microstates

A tiny country- small area, small population

Native Title Bill

Compensated Aborigines for lands already given up, gave them the right to gain title to unclaimed lands they still occupied, and provided them with legal standing to deal with mining companies in native-settled areas.

Oceania

A collections of islands that reach from New Guinea and New Zealand to the U.S. states of Hawaii in the mid-Pacific

Outback

Australia’s huge and dry interior, As thinly settled as North Africa’s Sahara desert.

Pidgin English

New form of intercultural communication found in Solomons, Vanuatu, and New Guinea, where it is the major language used between ethnic groups.

A large English vocabulary is reworked and belneded with Melanesian grammar. – traced back to the 19th century sandalwood traders.

Polynesia

Meaning “many islands” Islands  of the central south pacific, and its linguistically unified subregion includes French-controlled Tahiti in the Society Islands, the Hawaiian islands, and smaller political states such as Tonga, Tuvalu, and Samoa.

Tsunami

Earthquake induced sea waves

uncontacted peoples

cultural groups that have yet to be “discovered” by the Western world

viticulture

grape cultivation

White Australia Policy

Governmental guidelines promoted European and North American immigration at the expense of other groups. Non-white migration was strictly limited.

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