Chapter 2: How To Answer Data-Based Questions

Geography
Table
An arrangement of information in columns and rows.  A table is used to organize information so that individual facts can be easily found and compared. 
Bar Graph
A graph made of parallel bars with different lengths.  It is often used to compare two or more things.  Sometimes a bar graph shows how one thing has changed over time. 
Legend
An area of a map that lists the symbols used and identifies what each symbol represents
Horizontal Axis
The line that runs along the bottom of a graph.  It often identifies what the bars mean
Vertical Axis
The line that runs along the left-handed side of a graph.  It usually measures the lengths of the bars. 
Line Graph
A graph composed of a series of points connected in a line.  A line graph is often used to show how something has changed over time
Trend
The general direction in which things are moving.  We can often see a trend by examining the movement of a line on a graph. 
Circle Graph
Also sometimes referred to as a pie chart.  It is a circle divided into sections or slices of various sizes to show relationships between the whole and its parts
Photograph

An image taken with a camera, showing what a place or person looks like.  Photographs are used to record visual information

 

Aerial Photograph
A photograph taken from an airplane or a satellite in outer space.  Aerial photographs are useful to geographers to show the surface features of an area
Cartographer
A person who makes maps
Diagram
A simplified picture that often shows how several things are related or how the different parts of something work together.  The purpose of a diagram is to help the reader visualize how something works or how it is organized
Primary Sources
Original records or first-handed testimony of an event under investigation.  They include eyewitness reports, official records from the time of the event, letters by people involved in the event, diaries, speeches, photographs, and oral histories. 
Artifacts
A primary source in the form of an object.  Artifacts include buildings, clothing, furniture, jewelry, and pottery. 
Secondary Sources
The writings and interpretations of later writers who have reviewed the information in primary sources.  Secondary sources include textbooks, encyclopedia articles, magazine and newspaper articles
Summary
A short restatement or rewording of a text

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *