Chapter 3

Geography
GNI
calculates the monetary worth of what is produced within a country, plus income recieved from investments outside the country. (does not include illegal economy)
Western hemisphere travel initiative
passports required to travel to and from U.S., Mexico, and Canada.
Net migration
difference between immigration and emigration
Which areas have the most net migration out?
Latin America, Asia, Africa
Which areas have the most net migration in?
North America, Europe, Oceana
Country with most immigrants
U.S.A. 30 million
True or False, developed countries move from rural to urban settings.
False
Give an example of forced migration.
Atlantic Slave trade, Britain forced out Irish, Stalin forced non-russians out
repatriation
sending people back to home country.
Name a country that practiced repatriation.
Great Britain
give an example of an intervening obstacle
Rocky Mountains on way to California for Gold Rush
True or False, forced migration is more likely to be associated with political push factors.
True
True or False, voluntary migration is more likely to be associated with economic pull factors.
True
What era occured in the 1500’s?
the era of exploration
What era occured in the 1500’s to the 1800’s?
Colonization era by Britain in U.s. and Asia
What era occured in the 1800’s to the 1900’s?
Colonization era by Britain in inner Asia and Africa
Russification
the idea of moving out of Moscow and occupying eastern Russia
True or False, a guest worker cannot be kicked out of a country until his or her work visa expires.
False.
What does UNHCR stand for?
United Nations high commisioner for refugees
IDP
internal refugee
Immigration Quota
Maximum number of people who can immigrate anually
Where is the “brain drain” from poorer countries going?
U.S. and Europe
Counterurbanization
movement from cities to rural and suburban areas
Cyclic movement
journeys that begin at home and bring us back
commuting
journey from home to work and back again. A form of cyclic migration.
Is nomadism a form of cyclic movement?
Yes
Periodic Movement
involves returning home, but with longer absenses.
Give an example of periodic movement.
migrant labor, transhumance, college, military service, etc.
transhumance
a system of farming in which farmers move livestock according to the availability of pastures.
migration
permanent relocation
Which of the following is not one of the Ravenstein’s laws of migration:
1. Every migration flow generates a return or countermigration.
2. Men are more mobile than women
3. Urban residents are less migratory than inhabitants of rural areas.
2. Men are more mobile than women
What is the formula for the gravity model.
(pop. A)(pop. B)/DISTANCE
distance decay
migrants are less likely to know more information about a faraway place than a nearby one.
step migration
movement that takes place over a series of stages
intervening opportunity
when a migrant itends to go to one location, but finds another opportunity along the way.
intervening opportunity
when a migrant itends to go to one location, but finds another opportunity along the way.
give an example of an econmic pull factor.
job offers, wealthier economies, etc.
give an example of a political push factor
oppressive regimes
Give an example of an armed conflict and civil war push factor
war in country, fear of war, drafted into army, etc.
give an example of an environmental pull factor.
Warmer climate, lower elevation, ocean, etc.
give an example of a culture and tradition pull factor.
homeland, …
Chain migration
when migrants move through family connections
islands of development
cities established by Great Britain for trading ops.Usually port cities
give an example of a national/internal migration flow
African-Americans heading North after the Civil War and back to the South after the Civil Rights Act, Russificaion, Americans moving West, etc.
Would the person described below fit the UNHCR’s definitin of a refugee- a person who’s home has been destroyed by a tsunami
– has no official papers
-has no money
_tracels to another country by foot
No
Internal refugees
refugees within own country
Which ountry in Sub-Saharan Africa has the worst refugee crisis?
Sudan
Where are the largest numbers of refugees in Southeast Asia coming from?
Mynamar/Burma
selective immigration
limiting immigrantsfrom a particular country or region

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