Chapter 31 Vocab

Geography
Aborignes
Australia’s first peoples. Who came to Australia from Asia at least 40,000 years ago.
Artesian Wells
Wells in which water flows naturally to the surface.
Outback
The Dry interior of Australia
Marsupials
Mammals that have puches to carry their young.
Extensive Agricutlure
Agriculture that uses much land but small inputs of capital and labor per unit area.
Exotic Species
New types of plants and animals that people introduce to the area.
Great Dividing Range
stretches more than 2,175 mi. from Dauan Island off the northeastern tip of Queensland, running the entire length of the eastern coastline through New South Wales, then into Victoria and turning west, before finally fading into the central plain at the Grampians in western Victoria.
Central Lowlands
The Central Lowlands stretch from the Gulf of Carpentaria through the Great Artesian Basin to the Murray-Darling Plains.
Western Plateau
2,700,000 square kilometres of arid land including large parts of Western Australia, South Australia, and the Northern Territory.
Great Barrier Reef
located in the Coral Sea, off the coast of Queensland in north-east Australia.
Cape York Peninsula
located in Far North Queensland at the tip of the state of Queensland.
Tasmania
an Australian island and state. It is 150 mi south of the continent, separated by Bass Strait.
Murray River
rises in the Australian Alps, draining the western side of Australia’s highest mountains across Australia’s inland plains, forming the border between New South Wales and Victoria as it flows to the northwest,then turns south for its final South Australia, reaching the ocean at Lake Alexandrina.
Darling River
the third longest river in Australia, (915 mi) from its source in northern New South Wales to the Murray River at Wentworth, New South Wales
Great Artesian Basin
only reliable source of freshwater through much of inland Australia. largest and deepest artesian basin in the world. 23% of the continent, including most of Queensland, the south-east corner of the Northern Territory, the north-east part of South Australia, and northern New South Wales.
Lake Eyre
the lowest point in Australia, at approximately 49 ft below sea level, and, on the rare occasions, it is the largest lake in Australia and 18th largest in the world.
Sydney
the most populated city in Australia and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney is located on Australia’s south-east coast of the Tasman Sea.
Melbourne
the capital and most populated city in the state of Victoria, and the second most populated city in Australia.
Bisbane
the capital and most populated city in the Australian state of Queensland and the third most populated city in Australia, and is also known as “The River City”
Adelaide
the capital city of South Australia and the fifth-largest city in Australia
Perth
the capital and largest city of the Australian state of Western Australia and the fourth most populated city in Australia.
Canberra
The Capital of Australia. located at the northern end of the Australian Capital Territory and south-west of Sydney.
Maori
The first people in New Zealand.
Economy of Scale
A large production of goods that reduces the production cost of each item.
North Island
The North Island of New Zealand. Above South Island.
Cook Strait
the strait between the North and South Islands of New Zealand. It connects the Tasman Sea on the west with the South Pacific Ocean on the east.
Southern Alps
along much of the length of New Zealand’s South Island, reaching its greatest elevations near the island’s western side.
Canterbury Plains
an area in New Zealand centred to the south of the city of Christchurch in the Canterbury Region.
Auckland
in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest and most populated urban area in the country
Wellington
the capital city and third most populated urban area of New Zealand,at the southwestern tip of the North Island, between Cook Strait and the Rimutaka Range.
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I USED WWW.WIKIPEDIA.COM IN MOST OF THE LACATES BECAUSE I WANTED TO INCLUDE ADDITIONAL INFORMATION THAT WILL HELP ME BE ABLE TO IDENTIFY EACH BETTER.

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