Chapter 5: World Gazeteer – 7 Continents

Geography
North America
World’s 3rd largest continent in area, stretching from near the North Pole to the Equator.
Central America
Land connecting North and South America.
West Indies
Group of islands in the Caribbean Sea.
Plains
Broad expanse of flat or slightly hilly land often covered with grass, or grass and trees.
Rainforest
Area of jungle covered with plants & trees. Tropical rainforests are found in areas with warm climates and heavy rainfall. They have a thick canopy, created by trees, and a great diversity of plant & animal life.
Pampas
Large area of fertile soil for growing crops and grazing cattle. Found in Argentina & Uruguay.
Africa
2nd largest continent in area. Africa is almost 3 times the size of the United States.
Desert
Area of land in dry climates, that consists only of sand, gravel and rock. Deserts often have hot daytime temperatures, a limited variety of plant and animal life, and little rainfall.
Savanna
Flat grassland area in a tropical or subtropical region where tall, wild grasses grow with some scattered trees.
Nile River
World’s longest river. Located in North Africa.
Europe
2nd smallest continent in land area. Europe and Asia both share the same landmass.
Asia
World’s largest continent. Home to two-thirds of the world’s population.
Middle East
A the crossroads of 3 continents; Africa, Asia, and Europe. Also known as Southwest Asia. Predominant religion is Islam and the most common language is Arabic.
Suez Canal
Man-made waterway in Egypt connecting the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, shortening the distance for travel by water from Europe to Arabia and India.
Steppes
Treeless grasslands in Central Asia and Russia.
Tundra
Area in northernmost Russia where the ground is frozen much of the year.
Subcontinent
Large piece of land smaller than a continent. For example, South Asia is a subcontinent.
Peninsula
Piece of land surrounded by water on 3 sides.
Monsoon
Seasonal winds that blow across Asia and bring heavy rains in Spring and Summer.
Antarctica
World’s southernmost continent, covering the South Pole.

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