chapter9

Geography
ergs
Great “seas” of sand dunes in the Sahara
regs
Broad, windswept gravel plains in the Sahara
depressions
Low areas
silt
Finely ground soil
red sea
sea between the Arabian Peninsula and northeastern Africa
medeterranean sea
sea surrounded by Europe, Asia, and Africa
sahara
desert region in northern Africa
nile river
world’s longest river (4,187 miles; 6,737 km); flows into the Mediterranean Sea in Egypt
sinai peninsula
(SY-ny) peninsula in northeastern Egypt
ahaggar mountains
mountain range in southern Algeria
atlas mountains
African mountain range north of the Sahara
qattara depression
lowland region (436 feet below sea level; 133 m) in western Egypt
nile delta
region in northern Egypt where the Nile River flows into the Mediterranean Sea
lake nasser
artificial lake in southern Egypt created in the 1960s by the construction of the Aswan High Dam
suez canal
canal linking the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea in northeastern Egypt
pharaohs
Ancient Egyptian kings
hieroglyphics
Pictures and symbols that stand for ideas or words
bedoins
Nomadic herders in the deserts of Egypt and Southwest Asia
alexandria
(31°N 30°E) city in northern Egypt
cairo
(30°N 31°E) capital of Egypt
fes
(34°N 5°W) city in north-central Morocco
western sahara
disputed territory in northwestern Africa; claimed by Morocco
fellahin
(fel-uh-HEEN) Egyptian farmers who own very small plots of land
egypt
country in North Africa located east of Libya
casbah
The old fortress and central part of some North African cities
souks
Marketplaces in North Africa
free port
A city in which almost no taxes are placed on goods sold there
dictator
Person who rules a country with complete authority
libya
country in North Africa located between Egypt and Algeria
tunisia
country in North Africa located on the Mediterranean coast between Algeria and Libya
algeria
country in North Africa located between Morocco and Libya
morocco
country in North Africa south of Spain
tripoli
(33°N 13°E) capital of Libya
benghazi
(32°N 20°E) major coastal city in Libya
algiers
(37°N 3°E) capital of Algeria
casablanca
(34°N 8°W) seaport city on the western coast of Morocco
rabat
(34°N 7°W) capital of Morocco
tunis
(37°N 10°E) capital of Tunisia
strait of gibraltar
(juh-BRAWL-tuhr) strait between the Iberian Peninsula and North Africa that links the Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic Ocean

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