Chapters 10 and 12

Geography
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the thick layer of overlapping tree branches that make up the top layer of the forest
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a broadleaf evergreen forest found in wet and hot regions near the equator
clear-cut
to cut down all of the trees in an area
strip logging
clearing long, narrow strips of forest; forests grow back in strips much more quickly than large clear-cut areas
ecotourism
the kind of travel that attracts people that want to visit unique ecosystems while trying to avoid damages to these special places
sustainable development
using resources in ways that dont damage future generations
economic activity
any action that relates to the making buying or selling of goods and services
carbon-oxygen cycle
the process by which carbon and oxygen cycle among plants, people and animals, and the environment
reforestation
the replanting of trees in a formerly forested area by people or nature
traditional culture
customs and ways of life handed down from anscestors
indigenous people
natives of an area who have been conquered or dominated by others who came later
biodiversity
the variety of plants and animals living in one area
deforestation
removing or clearing away the trees from a forest
adaptation
a change in way of life to suit new conditions
subsistence farming
farming carried out mainly to provide food for farm families, with little surplus for sale to others
ethnic group
a group of people in a country who share a unique culture and identity

How do indigenous people preserve their culture?

they still worship their Mayan gods, they wear traditional clothes — huipiles (blouses), skirts, belts, headresses, go to Mayan healers, Mayan calenders, traditional medicine, and the slash and burn method

How do indigenous people adapt to modern life?

  they adapt by having electricity and running water in their house, and use good farming tools and chemical fertilizers
What challenges do indigenous people face?

a. fighting for equal rights

  • discrimination
  • poverty
  • b. fighting to protect their land

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