Cultural Geography

Geography
ethnic islands
isolated culture center.

Example- catholic in Savannah or Lindsborg

Frontier Reductionism
loss of technology and hearth amenities. reduced complexity of culture. only fragments of a culture diffuse; more isolated cultures are preserved.
first effective settlement
those who settle first (with number) will be the ones to settle in the substrates
cultural pre-adaptation
group is already adapted.

Example- czechs going to east texas. similar farmland.

Ethnic Environmental perception
Example- British thought land without trees was infertile.
Little Sweden
Lindsborg- case study, only 28% swedish now.
Dialect
variant forms of a language
isogloss
boundary between different dialects

Ex. line that separates use of y’all

bundle
group of different isoglosses
sociohistorical reasons for dialect
migration routes, physical geography, group reference, identity, communication
group reference
who you associate yourself with
linguistic reasons for dialect
structure of language: word meaning, pronunciation , grammar
dipthong
time > tahm (change and glide)
dropped R
girl > gal, horse > hoss; from england
northern vowel shift
caught > cot, Don> Dawn
southern vowel shift
field to filled, sale to sell, pool to pull
toponyms
different names for rivers
place names
classical belt (athens GA Rome NY
Martha’s Vineyard
unique, keep accents becaus eof group reference and identity. set themselves apart
African American Vernacular English
Habitual be: he be sick
Copluar loss: he (is) here
r-less
anglicans/ episcopalians
everywhere
presbyterians
appalchians, scottisch irish
congregationalists/puritans
New England, North Carolina
catholics
Southwest, Northeast, Northern Midwest (German)
Lutherans
Scandanavia, Nothern Midwest
Methodists
plains, more northern
baptists
southern methodists, much more southern
baptists
southern methodists, much more southern
Dutch Reform
Hudson Valley, Grand Rapids Michigan

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