DHS Southeast Asia Terms

Geography
archipelago
A set of closely grouped islands that sometimes form a curve
Ring of Fire
A chain of volcanoes that line the Pacific Rim
Peninsula
Land surrounded by water on 3 sides
Island
Land completely surrounded by water
Oceania
A group of more than 20,000 Pacific Islands
Indochinese
One of the 2 main peninsulas of Southeast Asia, located south of China, with a rectangular shape.
Malay
One of the 2 main peninsulas of Southeast Asia, which serves as a bridge between the mainland and islands
High Islands
Created by volcanoes
Low Islands
Made of coral reefs
Australia
The smallest and flattest continent
Great Barrier Reef
Huge chain of reefs and islands lying along Australia’s north eastern coast
Mekong
A river that provides water & fertile farming lands in Southeast Asia
outback
Unpopulated inner region of Australia
outrigger canoe
Pacific islanders used these for navigating the shallow waters of lagoons
atoll
A ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
Bikini Atoll
Site of U.S. atomic weapons tests which caused nuclear contamination of the area
rabbits
They have devestated croplands & prairies causing serious problems for Australian farms
Khmer Empire
One of the most powerful early mandalas which existed in what is now Cambodia
mandalas
States organized as rings of power around a central court
ASEAN
An alliance set up to promote economic growth and peace in Southeast Asia
Maori
Original settlers of New Zealand
Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia
Three regions of Oceania
Melanesia
Meaning “Black Islands”
Micronesia
Meaning “Tiny Islands”
Polynesia
Meaning “many islands”
Great Britain
Established Sydney, Australia as a penal colony
penal colony
A place to send prisoners
Aboriginal people
Migrated to Australia from Asia at least 40,000 years ago
Antarctica
This is the earth’s coldest, driest continent
Treaty of Waitangi
This gave Britain control over New Zealand

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