European Countries and Capital

Geography

Georgia 

T’bilisi (Georgian)

Tiflis (Russian);

Borders: Russia, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Black Sea

Armenia

Yerevan

Borders: Georgia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Iran, Azerbaijan (again);

Azerbaijan

Buka

Borders: Russia, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, and the Caspian Sea;

Albania

Tirane

Borders: Serbia, Montenegro, Greece, Macedonia and Adriatic and Ionian Sea;

Andorra

Andorra la Vella

Official language: Catalan;

Borders: France and Spain;

Belgium

Brussels

Borders: Netherlands, France, Luxembourg, Germany and the North Sea;

Belarus

Minsk

Borders: Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Ukraine, and Russia;

Bosnia and Herzogina

Sarajevo

Borders: Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro

and the Adriatic Sea (12 miles of coast);

Bulgaria

Sofia

Borders: Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, Turkey and the Black Sea;

Croatia

Zagreb

Borders: Hungary, Slovenia, Adriatic Sea, Montenegro and Serbia;

The Republic of Cyprus (int. rec.)

The Republic of Northern Cyprus (Turkey, not off. rec.);

Nicosia

Mt. Olympus

Gained independence from UK 1960, still two British bases on the island.;

Surrounded by Mediterranean Sea, Turkey lies to the North and Syria, Lebanon to the East;

Czech Republic

Prague

Separated from Slovakia in 1993;

Borders: Poland, Germany, Austria, Slovakia;

Denmark

Copenhagen (on smaller section, island)

Borders: North Sea, Germany, Baltic Sea, bridge to Sweden;

Estonia (gained independence 1991)

Tallinn

Borders: Baltic Sea, Latvia, and Russia;

Finland

Helsinki

Borders: Norway, Sweden, Baltic Sea, and Russia;

France

Paris

Borders: Luxembourg, Belgium, English Channel, Spain, Andorra, Mediterranean Sea, Monaco, Italy, Switzerland, Germany;

Austria

Vienna

Borders: Czech Republic, Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Italy, Slovenia, Hungary, Slovakia

Germany

Berlin

Borders: Baltic Sea, Denmark, North Sea, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, France, Switzerland, Austria, Czech Republic, Poland;

Greece

Athens

Borders: Bulgaria, Macedonia, Albania, Ionian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Turkey;

Hungary

Budapest

Borders: Slovakia, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, and Ukraine

Iceland

Reykjavik

Directly east of Greenland;

Ireland

Dublin

Borders: Northern Ireland, Irish Sea;

Northern Ireland
Belfast
Italy

Rome

Borders: Austria, Switzerland, France, Mediterranean, Ionian, Aegean Sea, surrounds San Marino;

Latvia

Riga

Lettish (off. lang.);

Borders: Estonia, Baltic Sea, Lithuania, Belarus, Russia;

Liechtenstien

Vaduz

Borders: Switzerland and Austria;

Lithuania

Vilnius

Borders: Latvia, Baltic Sea, Russia, Poland, Belarus;

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Borders: Belgium, France, Germany;

Macedonia

Skopje

Borders: Serbia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria;

Malta

Valletta

Gained independence from Britain 1964;

Surrounded by Mediterranean, South of Sicily, East of Tunisia, and North of Libya;

Moldova

Chisinau

Borders: Ukraine and Romania;

Montenegro

Podgorica

Borders: Serbia, Bosnia and Herzogovina, Croatia(barely), Adriatic Sea, Albania, ;

Netherlands

Amsterdam

Borders: North Sea, Belgium, Germany;

Norway

Oslo

Borders: Barents Sea, Norwegian Sea, North Sea, Sweden, Finland;

Poland

Warsaw

Borders: Lithuania, Russia, Baltic Sea, Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus;

Portugal

Lisbon

Borders: Spain;

Romania

Bucharest

Borders: Moldova, Ukraine, Slovakia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and the Black Sea;

San Marino

San Marino

Surrounded by Italy;

Monaco

Monaco

Casino Monte Carlo;

Borders: France and the Mediterranean;

Serbia

Belgrade

Hungary, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzogovina, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Romania;

Slovakia

Bratislava

Borders: Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Hungary, and Ukraine;

Slovenia

Ljubljana

Borders: Austria, Italy, Adriatic Sea (barely), Croatia, Hungary;

Spain

Madrid

Borders: Bay of Biscay, Portugal, Strait of Gibraltar Mediterranean Sea, France, Andorra;

Sweden

Stockholm

Borders: Norway, North Sea, bridge to Denmark, Baltic Sea, Finland;

Switzerland

Bern

Borders: Germany, France, Italy, Austria, Liechtenstein;

Ukraine

Kiev

Borders: Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Moldova, Black Sea;

England
London
Scotland
Edinburgh
Wales
Cardiff
Vatican City

St. Peter’s Basilica

Sistine Chapel 

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