Final Exam review history

Geography
Geography
The study of maps of the Earth
Cartography
The construction and designs of maps
Equator
An imaginary line that separates the western and eastern hemisphere of Earth running vertical
Magma
Molten material located below the Earth’s surface
Volcano
A vent in the Earth’s surface that releases lava steam and ashes.
climate
The weather condition in a certain area or region
legend
a table on a map, chart, or the like, listing and explaining the symbols used.
per capita income
the total national income divided by the number of people in the nation.
hurricane
a violent, tropical, cyclonic storm of the western North Atlantic, having wind speeds of or in excess of 72 miles per hour.
fossil fuel
any combustible organic material, as oil, coal, or natural gas, derived from the remains of former life.
geothermal energy
a form of energy obtained from within the earth, originating in its core; also, energy produced by extracting the earth’s internal heat.
Islam
the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah.
OPEC
an organization founded in 1960 of nations that export large amounts of petroleum: formed to establish oil-exporting policies and set prices.
Shiite
a member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam that regards Ali
Ramadan
the daily fast that is rigidly enjoined from dawn until sunset during this and is the ninth month of the Muslin Calender
Monotheism
the doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
oasis
a small fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
permafrost
perennially frozen subsoil
archipelago
a large group or chain of islands
gauchos
a native cowboy of the South American pampas, usually of mixed Spanish and Indian ancestry
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland.
compass rose
a similar design, often ornamented, used on maps to indicate the points of the compass
reforestation
to replant trees on (land denuded by cutting or fire).
Muslim
of or pertaining to the religion, law, or civilization of Islam
hajj
the pilgrimage to Mecca,
Sunni
a member of one of the two great religious divisions of Islam
Mecca
a city in and the capital of Hejaz, in W Saudi Arabia: birthplace of Muhammad; spiritual center of Islam.
polytheism
the belief in more than one god
desert
a region so arid because of little rainfall that it supports only sparse and widely spaced vegetation or no vegetation at all
Muhammad
Arab prophet: founder of Islam
estuary
that part of the mouth or lower course of a river in which the river’s current meets the sea’s tide.
Prime Meridian
the meridian running through Greenwich, England, from which longitude east and west is reckoned.
strait
a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water.
tsunami
an unusually large sea wave produced by a seaquake or undersea volcanic eruption.
isthmus
a narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, connecting two larger bodies of land.
glacier
an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly
pilgrimage
a journey, especially a long one, made to some sacred place as an act of religious devotion
Koran
the Islamic bible
mosque
a Muslim temple or place of public worship.
Allah
the Supreme Being; God of Islam

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *