GEOG 1101 Final

Geography
Monsoon
seasonal changes in atmospheric circulation and precipitation associated with the asymmetric heating of land and sea
Great Rift Valley
to the continuous geographic trench, approximately 6,000 kilometres (3,700 mi) in length, that runs from northern Syria in Southwest Asia to central Mozambique in East Africa
Savanna
a grassland ecosystem characterized by the trees being sufficiently small or widely spaced so that the canopy does not close
Rain Forest
forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions based on a minimum normal annual rainfall of 1750-2000 mm
Tropic Capricorn
marks the most southerly latitude at which the Sun can appear directly overhead
Tundra
a biome where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons
Alpine
European mountain range
Desertification
the degradation of land in arid, semi-arid, and dry sub-humid areas due to various factors: including climatic variations and human activities
The Sahel
the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition between the Sahara desert in the North and the Sudanian Savannas in the south
Horn of Africa
denotes the region containing the countries of Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia
Cape
a point or body of land extending into a body of water, usually the sea
Mesopotamia
is a toponym for the area of the Tigris–Euphrates river system, largely corresponding to modern-day Iraq, northeastern Syria, southeastern Turkey and southwestern Iran. Widely considered to be the cradle of civilization
Escarpment
a steep slope or long cliff that results from erosion or faulting and separates two relatively level areas of differing elevations
Loess
sediment formed by the accumulation of wind-blown silt
Oasis
an isolated area of vegetation in a desert, typically surrounding a spring or similar water source. Oases also provide habitat for animals and even humans if the area is big enough.
Diaspora
“the movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland”
Hajj
the annual pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia
cultural diffusion
the spread of cultural items—such as ideas, styles, religions, technologies, languages etc.—between individuals, whether within a single culture or from one culture to another. It is distinct from the diffusion of innovations within a single culture
devolution
the statutory granting of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to government at a subnational level
nationalism
involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a political entity defined in national terms
Indo-European
are a family (or phylum) of several hundred related languages and dialects,[4] including most major languages of Europe, the Iranian plateau, and South Asia, twelve are Indo-European: Spanish, English, Hindi, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, German
Romance Language
branch of the Indo-European language family, more precisely of the Italic languages subfamily, comprising all the languages that descend from Vulgar Latin. (Ex. latin, French,Italian)
Monotheism
belief in one God. Ex. christianity
Buddhism
a religion and philosophy encompassing a variety of traditions, beliefs and practices, largely based on teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as the Buddha
CBD
Central Business District. aka… a downtown
Colonization
to inhabit, cultivate, frequent, practice, tend, guard, respect”,(EX. The Vikings of Scandinavia also carried out a large scale colonization)
Imperalism
the creation and maintenance of an unequal economic, cultural, and territorial relationship, usually between states and often in the form of an empire, based on domination and subordination (EX. Ottoman Empire)
Primate City
the leading city in its country or region. (EX. capital ie. New York)
modernization
model of an evolutionary transition from a ‘pre-modern’ or ‘traditional’ to a ‘modern’ society
Sustainable development
a pattern of resource use, that aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come
NGO
Non-governmental Organization: a legally constituted organization created by natural or legal persons that operates independently from any government.(ex. WTO)
Asian Tiger
Pakistani militant group
Scandinavia
is a cultural, historical and ethno-linguistic region in northern Europe that includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, characterized by their common heritage and language; peninsula
Development theory
the study of the earth’s geography with reference to the standard of living and quality of life of its human inhabitants. highly uneven; globalization; divisions of labor evolved have grown with the world-system of trade and politics and with the changing locational logic of successive technology systems
Growth of Cities & Settlement Patterns
industrialization; urbanization (the striking difference in trends and projections between the core regions and the peripheral regions); world cities occupy key roles in the organization of global economics and culture; commercial/industrial; CBD/suburbs/metro;
Globalization & World Cultures
way of life involving a particular set of skills, values and meanings; altered by social, political, economic; produces distinctive impacts in different societies; globalization does not equate to homogenity
Comparative Regions & Religions
Celtic Isles
a group of islands off the northwest coast of continental Europe that includes Great Britain, Ireland and over six thousand smaller islands;
Western Europe
France, Germany, Portugal; invariably high-income developed countries, characterized by democratic political systems, mixed economies combining the free market with aspects of the welfare state, and most are members of NATO and the European Union;
Mediterranean Europe
humid subtropical climate; ???
Eastern Europe
Russia, Ukraine, Estonia; These countries had communist governments
The Maghreb
the western region of North Africa, including the five modern countries of Morocco with Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Mauritania; Partially isolated from the rest of the continent by the Atlas Mountains and the Sahara desert
West Africa

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