geoghraphy

Geography

ECOZONE

 

an ecozone is a large area which includes both physical and human factors.

 Arctic Cordillera

where is it located

Location
runs along the northeastern fringe of Nunavut and Labrador, notably on Ellesmere and Baffin Islands.

northern arctic

where is it located

Location
Most of the archipelago north of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.

Southern Arctic

location

Location
extends across the northern edge of much of the continental Northwest Territories and Quebec, bordered by the tree line to the south and the Northern Arctic ecosystem to the north.

Taiga Plains

location

Location
centered around the Mackenzie River in the western Northwest Territories, bordered by the mountains to the west, the arctic to the east, and the boreal forests of the boreal plains to the south.

Taiga Shield

location

Location
This ecozone stretches eastward from the Taiga Plains, just south of the Southern Arctic. It is interrupted by Hudson Bay and the Hudson Plains, but then continues to the Atlantic.

Boreal Shield

location

Location
The Boreal Shield covers a wide swath from Alberta to Newfoundland, south of the Taiga Shield and Hudson Plains and north of various ecozones, including the Boreal Plains, Mixedwood Plains, and Atlantic Maritime.

 

Alantic Martime

where is it located

Location
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island are completely within the Atlantic Maritime ecozone, along with the Gaspe peninsula.

mixwoods plains

where is it

Location
Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island are completely within the Atlantic Maritime ecozone, along with the Gaspe peninsula.

Boreal Shield

location

Location
The Boreal Plains are found in the centre of Alberta, extending east through the centre of Saskatchewan and slightly south of centre Manitoba.
many cases as smaller lakes.

Paries

location

Location
The Prairies cover the south of Alberta, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
climate of arctic
Climate
5?C and summers average 14?C

arctic callrilla

climate

Climate
-2 degrees in the mountains of Ellesmere Island to 6 degrees in northern Labrador, but winter brings temperatures as low as -35?C in the north.

mixwood plains

climate

Climate
Covering Quebec’s Gaspe peninsula and the entirety of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, this ecozone’s climate is strongly influence by the Atlantic Ocean, which produces cooler summers and warmer winters. Winter temperatures average -5?C and summers average 14?C, with coastal areas having slightly warmer winters and cooler summers than inland. The Atlantic also provides moisture to the region, producing mean precipitation of 900mm a year inland and over 1500mm a year on the coast; this high precipitation also means that the region has more storms than anywhere else in the country.

nothern arcitc

clmate

Climate
and average annual temperature is as low as -3?C

southern artic

 

Climate
Summers average 5?C, while winters vary between an average of -28?C near the Mackenzie Delta to -18?C in northern Quebec.

tiaga plains

climate

Climate
range from 7?C in the north to 14?C in the south. Winter brings averages of -26?C in the Mackenzie delta

tiaga shield

climate

Climate
This ecozone has short summers with long days and cold, long winters with long nights. Average annual temperatures are just below freezing, and mean summer temperatures are at most 11?C. Precipitation ranges from 200mm a year in the west to 1000mm on the Labrador coast
boreal shield
Climate
Largest of Canada’s ecozones, the Boreal Shield provides the images of exposed bedrock, endless forests, and rushing rivers that characterize the image that much of the world (as well as many Canadians) has of Canada. Summers have roughly the same average temperature throughout the area, about 13?C. The maritime influence in the east gives it a milder winter, with a mean temperature of about -1?C, while the western edge suffers through average winter temperatures of -20?C. Precipitation in the west is low, about 400mm a year, but it can be a high as 1600mm a year in some areas of Newfoundland, largely due to its position in the Atlantic

boreal shield

climate

Climate
A more northerly extension of the Prairie ecozone to its south, the Boreal Plains ecozone endures mean annual temperatures of around freezing. Summers are short and warm, winters cold. The Rocky Mountains block much of the moisture, resulting in precipitation of 300mm in the west to 625mm in the east.

Glaciers from many ice ages have flattened the landscape, and the large ancient lakes that resulted from their meltwater have left many dunes and are still present in many cases as smaller lakes.

prarries

climate

Climate
The Prairies are the northernmost branch of the Great Plains of North America and the most altered of the ecozones. The mountains to the west block much of the precipitation that would otherwise fall. That and the high winds make this ecozone very dry, although precipitation does generally increase towards the east. Temperatures are extreme due to the lack of access to the ocean’s buffering. Winter temperatures average -10?C and summers average 15?C.

tiaga plain

climate

Climate
Like the Taiga Shield to its east, the Taiga Plains has short, cool summers and long, cold winters. Mean summer temperatures range from 7?C in the north to 14?C in the south. Winter brings averages of -26?C in the Mackenzie delta and a relatively mild -15?C in the portion contained in Alberta and British Columbia. Snow and freshwater ice lasts for six to eight months, and permafrost is widespread. There is generally little rainfall here, only 200-500mm a year.

tiaga shield

climate

Climate
This ecozone has short summers with long days and cold, long winters with long nights. Average annual temperatures are just below freezing, and mean summer temperatures are at most 11?C. Precipitation ranges from 200mm a year in the west to 1000mm on the Labrador coast

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