Geography Final

Geography
Lake Victoria
1.      Africa’s largest lake2.      500 native species of fish3.      Nile perch ate most small fish in Lake Victoria

 

Horn of Africa
1.      Somalia2.      Djibouti3.      Eritrea4.      Ethiopia5.      All located in East Africa
Great Rift Valley
1.      Tectonic plates in Africa that are pulling apart are causing this2.      Stretches from the Red Sea to Mozambique3.      Will eventually become an island

 

Mount Kenya, Mount Kilimajaro, Mount Cameroon

LOCATION

1.      Mount Kenya: Kenya2.      Mount Kilimanjaro: Tanzania and Kenya3.      Mount Cameroon: Cameroon
Madagascar
Tectonic plates pulled Madagascar away from the rest of Africa
Deserts
1.      Sahara Desert: North Africa2.      Namib Desert: Southwest Coast of Africa3.      Kalahari Desert: South Africa
What are the Climates in Africa?  Describe each.
1.      Desert: little rain, high temperatures, few plants and animals2.      Semi-arid: high temperatures, more rainfall than deserts, Sahel3.      Tropical: semi-arid region to equator, rainy season is 6 months, savannahs, a lot of animals4.      Two rainy seasons, located at the equator, high temperatures, annual rainfall of 50-60 inches per year, rainforest, animals(example: chimps and parrots)
Africa’s Largest Country
1.      Sudan- 955, 575 square miles
Africa’s Longest River
1.      Nile River-4,160 miles

Importance of oil in Certain Regions:

What countries are the largest contributers?

1.      Saudi Arabia2.      Iran3.      Kuwait4.      Iraq
South Africa: Apartheid
1.      The official policy of racial segregation in South Africa and became official in 19482.      South Africa was under the rule of Afrikaner Nationalist Party3.      Blacks and Asians were discriminated againsta.     Whites regulated what jobs they could holdb.     If they could attend school or notc.     They were forced to leave homed.     Were told if and when they could leave the country
South Africa: 3 Capitals
1.      Pretoria2.      Cape town3.      Bloemfontein

 

Egypt Today: Rigths for Women
1.      Couldn’t vote2.      Wanted higher education3.      Men had more rights than women in marriage4.      1956: women could vote and run for office5.      1979: improved rights6.      2000: easier for women to get a divorce
Egypt Today: Land and People
1.      Couldn’t vote2.      Wanted higher education3.      Men had more rights than women in marriage4.      1956: women could vote and run for office5.      1979: improved rights6.      2000: easier for women to get a divorce

Egypt Today: Africa’s Largest City

1.;;;;; CAIRO2.;;;;; Crowded and polluted3.;;;;; 12 million people lived there in 20004.;;;;; Rural to urban migrations leads to over population

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