Geography Landforms

Geography
Archipelago
a large group of islands
Atoll
a ring of coral that encloses a pool of seawater
Badlands
wasteland that has been carved into unusual shapes by wind and water
Bay
a body of water that extends into the land
Beach
a rocky or sandy edge of land along a body of water
Butte
an isolated hill with sloping sides and a small flat top
Canyon
a deep valley with steep sides
Cape
a point of land that juts out into water
Cave
a hollow area in the earth with an opening to the outside
Channel
a body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
Cliff
a high steep face of rock or earth
Continent
one of the seven great land masses on earth
Delta
a fan-shaped deposit of sand and mud at the mouth of a river
Desert
a region of little rainfall where few plants and animals live
Dune
a hill of sand formed by blowing wind
Fjord
a long narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or slopes
Forest
a large area of land covered with trees and other plants
Geyser
a spring that spouts hot water and steam from time to time
Glacier
a large mass of ice that moves very slowly down a mountain or through a valley
Gulf
a large body of salt water that is partly enclosed by land
Hill
a raised part of the earth’s surface that is lower than a mountain
Iceberg
a huge block of floating ice that has broken off a glacier
Island
a piece of land that is surrounded by water
Isthmus
a narrow strip of land that connects two larger land areas
Jungle
an area of thick tangled plants usually found near a river or swamp
Lagoon
a shallow body of water that is partly
off from the sea
Marsh
a low wet area where grasses rushes and cattails grow
Mesa
a raised area with steep sides and a large flat top
Mountain
a high area of land with steep sides and a sharp peak
Ocean
the body of salt water that covers most of the earth
Peninsula
an area of land that is nearly surrounded by water
Plain
a large low area of fat or rolling land with few
Plateau
a flat area of land that is higher that the land around it
Prairie
a region of flat or hill land covered by tall grasses
River
a long body of water that flows over land
Sea
a body of saltwater that is partly enclosed by land
Sound
a long wide ocean inlet
Strait
a narrow body of water that connects two larger bodies of water
Swamp
a low wet are where trees and high
Tundra
a cold dry treeless region
Valley
an area of low land between mountains or hills
Volcano
a hole in the earth’s crust through
Waterfall
a stream of water that falls fro a high place
Lake
a shallow body of water that is partly cut

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