Geography of Latin America

Geography
Vaqueros

Cowhands who work on large cattle ranges.

Jamaica
they mine bauxite which is a mineral to make aluminum.

COOPERATIVE

farm owned and operated by the government
SUBSISTENCE FARMING
small plot where a farmer grows only enough food to feed his own family
PLATEAU OF MEXICO
made up of deserts and grassy plains in the north, flat valleys in the middle of the plateau which holds many of the chief cities, and the snowcapped mountains of the Sierra Madre Del Sur
MONTERREY
Mexico’s main producer of steel and cement, has long been an important industrial city
SIERRA MADRES(MOTHER RANGE)
is made up of 3 different mountain ranges in Mexico, not many people live there because of the rugged terrain, is rich in resources of: copper,zinc, silver, and timber
CANOPY
top most layer of the rain forest that shades the forest floor
TROPIC OF CANCER
cuts through the middle of Mexicomaking the areas south of it to be warmer throughout the year and areas in the north of ot to be warmer in the summer and cooler in the winter
RING OF FIRE
describes the Pacific coastal areas with volcanoes and frequent earthquakes
CUBA
one of the first to become an independent country
PLANTATIONS
owned by wealthy farmers with large farms that raise a single crop for sale

COMMUNISTS

government leaders have strong control of the economy and society as aa whole
MEXICO IN TWO HEMISPHERES:

1. inNorth America because of location

2.In South America because of religion and language

TIERRA FRIA

the temperatures are cooler
TIERRA TEMPLADA
the temparatures are more moderate
IERRA CALIENTE
the coastal lowlands experience these high temperatures

ROMAN CATHOLICISM

central americans follow this religion

SPANISH

the official language of the region

NAFTA

North American Free Trade Agreement

this agreement promised to remove all barriers to trade among these countries. most goods traded among the US, Canada, and Mexico are free of tariffs, or special taxes

ECOTOURISTS

people who travel to other countries to see natural wonders

TEMPERATE CARRIBEAN

climate changes: tierra templada climate
CENTRAL AMERICAN COUNTRY WITH HIGHEST STANDARD OF LIVING
costa rica
2 CHIEF ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF CENTRAL AMERICA

1. farming

2. harvesting wood

CHIEF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY OF THE CARRIBEAN ISLANDS

tourism
THE 3 RAPIDLY INDUTRIALIZING COUNTRIES OF LATIN AMERICA
Mexico, Brazil, and Chile
3 FACTORS THAT HAVE SLOWED LATIN AMERICAN DEVELOPEMENT

1. lack of money$$$$

2. skilled labor

3. reliable transportation

WHERE DO MOST LATIN AMERICAN LIVE?
in urban areas or along the coasts
THE BENEFITS OF THE RAIN FOREST AND THE REASONS FOR DESTRUCTION OF THE RAINFOREST:

BENEFITS:

they’re valuable resources

good soil

 

Destruction:

without trees to hold the soil in place, rain will wash the soil and nutrients away

then the land becomes poor and businesses and farmers move, clearing more trees from another piece of land

NATURAL DANGERS TO THE HIGHLANDS OF MEXICO AND CENTRAL AMERICA AND THE BENEFITS OF THE HIGHLAND LIVING

DANGERS:

1. the highlands ruggedness makes it difficult to cross which causes problems for tranportation and communication

2. keep people isolated from each other

 

BENEFITS:

1. the volcanic material makes the soil very fertile 

 

FACTORS OF COSTA RICA’S SUCCESS

1. many factories

2. literacy rates: the most people who can read and write

3. varied economy

4.tourism

5.had no wars

6. no bad land

3 ENVIROMENTAL LATIN AMERICAN CHALLENGES

~Mexico City pollution

~Venezuealan oil spills

~Deforestation in the Amazon Rain Forest

TROPIC OF CAPRICORN
cuts through south america; by the tops of trees in rainforests
WHAT IS THE MOST POPULAR SPANISH SPEAKING COUNTRY?????
mexico

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