Geography Terms

Geography
Relative Location:
explains where a place is in relation to another place and is used when you are familiar with an area
Absolute Location:
type of location that is specific to itself; no other reference needed. It is used to be exact with a location or GPS.
Geography-
the study of the land, its features, inhabitants, and the relationship between them
Culture-
the combined system of socially acquired values, beliefs, and rules of conduct including religion, music, food, language, art, etc.
Cultural Diffusion-
spread of culture
Physical geography-
covers the topics relating to the surface of the earth – the landforms, glaciers, rivers, climate, oceans, earth-sun interaction, and more.
Cultural geography-
also known as human geography, covers human interaction with the land. Cultural geography includes language, religion, medicine, cities, economics, entertainment, and much more.
Elevation-
is the height above sea level.
Relief-
is the difference in the highest and lowest point in a given area.
Latitude-
A system of imaginary lines that measure a location’s distance North or South of the equator
Longitude-
A system of imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole and measure how far west or east a location is from the Prime Meridian.
Alluvial Soil-
fertile soil that has been deposited by a river
Geologist-
a scientist who studies the Earth
North America-
continent where the United States is located
Topography-
the study of surface shapes on the earth and features (especially their depiction in maps)
Political Maps-
map that shows governmental boundaries of countries, states and counties.
Physical Maps-
map that shows landforms like deserts, mountains and plains.
Equator-
imaginary horizontal line that divides the earth into North and South hemispheres (0° latitude)
Prime Meridian-
imaginary vertical line that divides the earth into East and West hemispheres (0° longitude)
Legend/key-
explains the symbols that have been used on a map (aka map key)

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