Geography Terms

Relative Location:
explains where a place is in relation to another place and is used when you are familiar with an area
Absolute Location:
type of location that is specific to itself; no other reference needed. It is used to be exact with a location or GPS.
the study of the land, its features, inhabitants, and the relationship between them
the combined system of socially acquired values, beliefs, and rules of conduct including religion, music, food, language, art, etc.
Cultural Diffusion-
spread of culture
Physical geography-
covers the topics relating to the surface of the earth – the landforms, glaciers, rivers, climate, oceans, earth-sun interaction, and more.
Cultural geography-
also known as human geography, covers human interaction with the land. Cultural geography includes language, religion, medicine, cities, economics, entertainment, and much more.
is the height above sea level.
is the difference in the highest and lowest point in a given area.
A system of imaginary lines that measure a location’s distance North or South of the equator
A system of imaginary lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole and measure how far west or east a location is from the Prime Meridian.
Alluvial Soil-
fertile soil that has been deposited by a river
a scientist who studies the Earth
North America-
continent where the United States is located
the study of surface shapes on the earth and features (especially their depiction in maps)
Political Maps-
map that shows governmental boundaries of countries, states and counties.
Physical Maps-
map that shows landforms like deserts, mountains and plains.
imaginary horizontal line that divides the earth into North and South hemispheres (0° latitude)
Prime Meridian-
imaginary vertical line that divides the earth into East and West hemispheres (0° longitude)
explains the symbols that have been used on a map (aka map key)

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