GEOGRAPHY TERMS

Geography

 

 

Volcano

 

 

a vent in the Earth’s crust through which lava, steam, and ash are released

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Plateau

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a large, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land

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River

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a large, flowing body of water that usuallly empties into a sea or ocean

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Valley

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a low place between mountains

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Ocean

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a large body of saltwater that surrounds a continent

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Peninsula

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a body of land that is surrounded by water on 3 sides

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Plain

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flat lands that only have small changes in elevations

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Isthmus

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a narrow strip of land connecting 2 large pieces of land

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Lake

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a large body of water surrounded by land on all sides

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Mountain

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a natural elevation of the Earth’s surface, rising to an altitude usually greater than 2,000 ft.

 

 

Gulf

 

 

a part of the ocean or sea that is almost enclosed by land, larger than a bay

 

 

Harbor

 

 

a part of a body of water along the shore deep enough for anchoring a ship

 

 

Island

 

 

a piece of land that is surrounded by water

 

 

Continent

 

 

one of the seven main landmasses of the Earth

 

 

Delta

 

 

a low, watery land formed at the mouth of a river

 

 

Dune

 

 

a hill or ridge made of sand; usually formed by the wind

 

 

Bay

 

 

a body of water that is partly enclosed by land, smaller than a gulf

 

 

Cape

 

 

a piece of land jutting into the sea or some other large body of water

 

 

Coast

 

 

the land next to the sea; seashore

 

 

Fjord

 

 

a deep narrow inlet of the sea

 

 

Strait

 

 

a passage of water connecting 2 large bodies of water

 

 

Canal

 

 

a large waterway

 

 

Plateau

 

 

a high flat landform that rises steeply above the surrounding land

 

 

Geyser

 

 

a hot spring that shoots out periodic bursts of water and steam

 

 

Archipelago

 

 

a large body of water with many islands

 

 

Beach

 

 

an expanse of sand and pebbles

 

 

Canyon

 

 

a deep valley with steep sides

 

 

Dam

 

 

something that stops water from flowing

 

 

Desert

 

 

an area where there is little or no precipitation

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