Geography Terms Part 1

Geography

 

 

 

GEOGRAPHY

 

 

THE STUDY OF THE EARTH, AND EVERYTHING LIVING ON THE EARTH.  THERE IS PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND HUMAN, OR CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY.

 

 

PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY

 

The study of the structure of earth’s surface, including landforms, weather, climate, plants, minerals and other natural resources.

 

 

HUMAN OR CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY

 

 

The study of how and where people live on earth, how they use natural resources, and the impact humans have on the earth.

 

 

GLOBE

 

 

A round model of the earth showing the relative sizes and shapes of the continents and the relative distances between them.

 

 

MAP

 

 

a flat drawing showing the whole earth, or a small part of it.  

 

 

MAP SCALE

 

 

A part of a map that shows distance in scale.  For example, one inch on a map could equal 300 miles.

 

 

MAP KEY OR LEGEND

 

 

The part of a map that describes what each symbol on the map means.

 

 

HEMISPHERE

 

 

half of the globe. You can divide the globe into Northern and Southern hemispheres, or into  Eastern and Western hemispheres.

EQUATOR
An imaginary horizontal line encircling the globe, dividing earth into the Northern and the Southern hemisphere.
PRIME MERIDIAN
An imaginary vertical line at 0 degree longitude that divides the earth into the Eastern and Western hemisphere.
POLES
The most northern point of earth and the most southern point of earth.
LATITUDE
Imaginary lines encircling the earth horizontally, marked by degrees, either north or south from the equator.
LONGITUDE
Imaginary lines encircling the earth vertically, marked by degrees, either east or west of the Prime Meridian.
TROPIC OF CANCER
Parallel of latitude approximately 23°27 north of the terrestrial Equator. It is the northern boundary of the tropics and marks the northernmost latitude at which the Sun can be seen directly overhead at noon.
TROPIC OF CAPRICORN
Parallel of latitude approximately 23°27 south of the terrestrial Equator. It is the southern boundary of the tropics and marks the southernmost latitude at which the Sun can be seen directly overhead at noon.
CARDINAL DIRECTIONS
north, south, east and west
COMPASS ROSE
the symbol on a map that shows the cardinal directions
CONTINENT
one of the main landmasses of the globe including Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia, and Antarctica
OCEANS
the oceans on earth are the Indian, Pacific, Southern (Antarctic), Arctic, Atlantic
ELEVATION
the height of a landform or place above sea level
MERIDIAN
a line of longitude
PARALLEL
a line of latitude

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