geography test 2 MHS

Geography
These are the types of jobs that most people in Developed countries are employed in (agriculture ? manufacturing? or services? )
Services
These are the types of countries that typically have high fertility rates (developed or developing ? )
Developing
6.This is a term which refers to the sum of goods, services and manufactured items of a country.
Gross National Product / Gross Domestic Product
7. This is what infant survival rate and life expectancy are good indicators of in a country.
healthcare / quality of life
8. This is the term which refers to the number of years the average person will live.
Life expectancy
12. This is approximately the number of people in the world.
7 billion
13. This would be the phrase which refers to a country that has a balanced economy with many workers in services , manufacturing and a minimum amount in agriculture.
Developed countries
14. This would be the phrase which refers to countries which have a large number of people engaged in subsistence farming and have limited manufacturing.
Developing countries
15. This is the term which refers to farming in which the farmer produces just enough for his family.
Subsistence Agriculture
16. This is the term which refers to farming in which huge surpluses are grown and sold for profit.
commercial agriculture
17. This is a climate at low latitudes which features over 80 inches of rain and dense trees with big, leafy canopies.
Tropical Rainforests
18. This is the climate in mid-latitudes which features mild rainy winters and warm, dry summers. Examples include Los Angeles and Athens, Greece.
Mediterranean
19. This is the climate which features less than 10 inches of rain per year.
Desert
20. This is the climate that borders deserts and features scattered vegetation such as shrubs and trees with thin leaves.
Steppe
21. Examples of this climate would be the coast of Oregon, Washington and Northern California. It features wet winters and mild summers. Lots of evergreens.
Marine West Coast
22. This is the impact that large bodies of water (oceans) have on climate.
cools Lo latitudes and warms high latitudes.
23. This is what happens to air temperature as you go up in elevation.
temperature goes down
24. This is the amount of temperature decrease as a person goes up 1000 feet in elevation.
temperature drops 3 degrees.
27. These are rivers of sea water.
ocean currents.
28. These are the latitudes from the Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn.
Low Latitudes
29. These are the latitudes between the Arctic Circle and Tropic of Cancer in North and Antarctic Circle and Tropic of Capricorn in the South.
Mid latitudes.
30. Latitudes between the North Pole and the Arctic Circle.
High Latitudes
31. This is the imaginery line that runs from the South Pole to the North Pole.
AXIS
32. 23degrees , 30 minutes (23.5), South latitude.
Tropic of Capricorn
33. This is the term which refers to the earth’s path around the sun.
Orbit
34. 23 degrees, 30 minutes (23.5), North latitude.
Tropic of Cancer
35.This is the angle the earth is always tilted at.
23.5
36.This is what occurs every 365.25 days.
Earth completes one revolution around the sun
36.This is what occurs every 365.25 days.
Earth completes one revolution around the sun
37.This is what is responsible for the earth’s changing seasons.
the earth’s tilt
38. This is the shortest day of the year in the northern hemisphere.
22 December
39. This is the reason why some areas of the earth receive more sunlight.
The earth is tilted.
40. This is the longest day of the year in the Northern hemisphere.
22 June
41. This is the phrase which refers to a gas layer that forms in the atmosphere and traps heat much like a roof.
Greenhouse effect
42. This would be at least one Greenhouse gas.
CO2, NO2, MH4
43. This would be a major source of the CO2 , NO2 and MH4 that gets trapped in the atmosphere.
exhaust from cars
44. These would be 2 effects of global warming.
rise in temperature, drought, rise in sea level, more severe weather
45. This would be one solution to limit the effects of global warming.
car pool, recycle, use less fossil fuels, use more buses and trains
46. This was the man-made cause of the Dust Bowl.
over-plowing
47. This would be an example of desertification in the United States during the 1930’s.
Dust Bowl
48. This is the health problem that was associated with the Dust Bowl.
Dust Pneumonia
49. This is what one-fourth of the people of the Dust Bowl area did to avoid the problems associated with the Dust Bowl
migrated to California
50.This is what destroyed crops because of the friction caused by frequent winds during the Dust Bowl.
Static Electricity
51.This is what people of the Great Plains did to try to keep dust out of their homes during the Dust Bowl.
Put up wet sheets in their windows
52. This is what school children were forced to wear during the Dust Bowl.
Dust Masks
53. These are other negative effects that the Dust Bowl had on other animals.
Rabbits came out of the hills, livestock choked to death, government paid to kill livestock
54. This is what the U.S. government does now to try to prevent future Dust Bowls.
Pays farmers not to plant, pays farmers to plant shelter belts
55.This is the percentage of the earth’s water that is fresh water.
2.5%
56. These are the organisms that are most effected by acid rain.
Trees, fish (waterlife)
57.This is the process of plains and semi-arid lands being overtaken by sand.
desertification
58.These are at least 2 causes of desertification.
overgrazing, overplowing, poor soil conservation techniques
60.This is one reason wetlands are important to humans.
needed for wildlife habitat like fish and waterfowl, needed for filtering freshwater
61.This is the nearby state that has had 89% of its wetlands destroyed in the last 100 years.
Iowa
62.This is the concept that geographers use to divide the world into areas of similar characteristics to make the world more understandable.
Regions
64.These are at least three of the 5 Natural factors which effect climate (not man-made).
1.Latitude; 2. landforms; 3. ocean and air currents; 4. land and water 5 altitude
65.This is the number of degrees that the temperature changes when a person climbs 1000 feet in elevation.
3 degrees fahrenheit
66.These are the great circles or latitude lines that marks the area that does not receive any sunlight during winter solstice or 24 hours of sunlight during summer solstice.
Arctic / Antarctic circle – 66.5 degrees N/ S. Latitude
67.This is the only area of the globe in which in the sun can ever appear directly over the surface of the earth at a 90 degree angle.
the tropics – between 23.5 N and 23.5 S latitude
68.This is the difference in the appearance of the sun’s path through the sky from polar regions to tropical regions.
the sun is not as high in the sky in polar regions
69.This is the term which refers to the area of the earth that is receiving sunlight.
circle of illumination
70.These are the man made facilities that create most of the harmful chemicals that create acid rain.
electric power plants
71. This would be a solution which would help solve the problem of acid rain and global warming.
stop burning fossil fuels
72.This is what is responsible for the destruction of the ozone layer.
CFC’s – chlorofluorocarbons
73.These would be 2 examples of alternative energy sources.
hydroelectric power, wind power, biomass, tidal power
74.These would be 3 examples of developed countries.
U.S., France, Canada
75.These would be 2 examples of undeveloped countries.
Mali, Somalia , Bolivia,
76.This would be the type of climate we have in South Dakota.
Humid Continental
77.This is the continent that is experiencing desertification the most.
AFRICA
77. This is the study of human populations and population statistics.
Demography
77. This is when the death rate exceeds the birthrate.
Negative Population Growth
77. This is when the death rate equals the birthrate.
Zero Population Growth
77. These are the types of countries that typically have zero population growth rates or negative population growth rates.
A. developed
The country that has 7 of 10 of the most polluted cities is _______.
CHINA.
The two countries which lead the world in CO2 emissions are ______.
U.S. and China.
Each year the world’s population increases by _____ million.
80 million
Since death rates are near birth rates in the U.S. , much of the population growth is due to ________________.
Immigration
From the movie “the Population Paradox” , this is the percentage of India’s population that is under 25 years of age
50%
From the movie, the Population Paradox , this is the gender that is discriminated at birth in India and the reasons why
Females – they are seen as financial liabilties
From the movie , the Population Paradox, this is how the role of women has changed in Japanese society and the impact this has had on Japanese population .
Women are increasingly pursuing careers and having fewer babies
77. This is the problem that old people in Japan and U.S. face.- now and in the future.
not enough workers to pay for healthcare programs
This is what is predicted to happen to Japan’s population by the end of this century if the prevailing population pattern continues.
Population will decrease by half
This is the continent that is predicted to have its population double in the next 40 years
Africa
77. This is approximately when the world’s population was half of what it is today.
1960
77. This is the continent that is experiencing Zero Population Growth (ZPG) and Negative Population Growth .
Europe
This is how human interaction with the environment in New Orleans made the conditions of Hurricane Katrina more devastating
1) city located below sea level ; 2) wetlands destroyed; 3) global warming will increase frequency and intensity of hurricanes
What season is the Northern Hemisphere experiencing in the picture below ?
Winter – Winter Solstice
These are the 2 Countries that are projected to drop out of the top 10 in most populated countries in the next 50 years.
Russia , Japan
This is what generally happens to a country’s demographics when women are more educated and receive equal rights.
Population drops and fertility rates drop.
This is the epidemic which has had a devastating Impact on sub – Saharan Africa
HIV / AIDs

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