Geography Vocab.

Geography
latitude
The angular distance north or south of the earth’s equator, measured in degrees along a meridian, as on a map or globe.
equator
The imaginary great circle around the earth’s surface, equidistant from the poles and perpendicular to the earth’s axis of rotation. It divides the earth into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
relative location
a point or place in relation to another point or place
parallels
a line of latitude
scale
The relationship between distance on a map and on the earth’s surface
relief
The difference between the highest and lowest elevations in an area
map
A graphic representation of the earth’s surface
hemisphere
Half of the earth’s surface. There are four hemispheres, Northern and Southern (divided by the equator) and the Eastern and Western (divided by the Prime Meridian and 180°)
longitude
Angular degrees based on the Prime Merdidian (0°) at Greenwich, London; degrees are east or west of Greenwich and meet in the Pacific Ocean at 180°
meridian
A line of longitude

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