Geoterms Quiz 2

Geography
gulf
a portion of an ocean or sea partly enclosed by land
strait
a narrow passage of water connecting two large bodies of water
ocean
the vast body of salt water that covers almost three fourths of the earth’s surface
harbor
a part of a body of water along the shore
? having docks or port facilities to provide protection from winds, waves and currents.
bay
a body of water forming an indentation of the shoreline, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
lake
a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land.
river
a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course
sea
the salt waters that cover the greater part of the earth’s surface.
fjord
a long, narrow arm of the sea bordered by steep cliffs: usually formed by glacial erosion.
source
the beginning or place of origin of a stream or river
tributary
a stream that flows to a larger stream or other body of water
Landforms
any natural feature of Earth’s surface that has a distinct shape
mountain range
a series of more or less connected mountains ranged in a line. (commonly over 2000 ft., or 610 m).
glacier
an extended mass of ice formed from snow falling and accumulating over the years and moving very slowly,
valley
an elongated depression between uplands, hills, or mountains, esp. one following the course of a stream
hill
a natural elevation of the earth’s surface, smaller than a mountain.
canyon
a deep valley with steep sides, often with a stream flowing through it
plateau
a land area having a relatively level surface considerably raised above adjoining land on at least one side, and often cut by deep canyons.
dune
a sand hill or sand ridge formed by the wind, usually in desert regions or near lakes and oceans
desert
a region so arid because of little rainfall that it supports only sparse and widely spaced vegetation or no vegetation at all
oasis
a small fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well
mesa
a land formation, less extensive than a plateau, having steep walls and a relatively flat top
volcano
a mountain or hill, usually having a cuplike crater at the summit
isthmus
a narrow strip of land, bordered on both sides by water, connecting two larger bodies of land
archipelago
a large group or chain of islands
basin
a hollow or depression in the earth’s surface, wholly or partly surrounded by higher land
mountain
a natural elevation of the earth’s surface rising more or less abruptly to a summit, and attaining an altitude greater than that of a hill, usually greater than 2000 ft.
reef
a ridge of rocks or sand, often of coral debris, at or near the surface of the water
cape
a piece of land jutting into the sea or some other large body of water
island
a tract of land completely surrounded by water, and not large enough to be called a continent
coast
the land next to the sea
plain
an area of land not significantly higher than adjacent areas and with relatively minor differences in elevation
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland
delta
-a nearly flat plain of alluvial deposit between diverging branches of the mouth of a river, often, though not necessarily, triangular: the Nile delta.
population density
the average # of ppl who live in a unit of area, such as a square mile. Population density measures how crowded an area is
climate
the pattern of weather over a long period of time
climate zones
the zones tht geographers divide the earth into particular patterns of temperature and precipitation
commercial farming
farmers raise crops or livestock to sell
economic activity
any action tht relates to the making,buying, and selling of goods and services

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