How to use Maps

Geography
cardinal directions
north, south, east, west (N,S,E,W)
compass rose
a symbol that shows directions on a map
inset map
a smaller map within a border of a larger one
intermediate directions
northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest (NE, SE, NW, SW)
legend (key)
a list that explains the symbols on a map
axis
an imaginary line that passes through the center of Earth between North and South Poles on which the Earth rotates
equator
an imaginary line that runs aroudn the center of Earth halfway between the North and South Poles at 0 degrees latitude
hemisphere
half of the Earth
North Pole
the point north on Earth where the lines of longitude meet (90 degrees North latitude)
Prime Meridian
an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole at 0 degrees longitude
South Pole
the point south on Earth where the lines of longitude meet (90 degrees South latitude)
continent
one of the seven large landmasses of the Earth: Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America
grid
a pattern of lines that form squares
index
an alphabetical listingof place names on a map and the grid squares in which they are found
degrees
units of latitude and longitude.
lines of latitude
imaginary lines on Earth that run parallel to the equator
lines of longitude
imaginary lines that run between the North and South Poles
parallel lines
lines that are the same distance apart; lines that never meet or cross
perpendicular lines
lines that cross at right angles
coordinates
the latitude and longitude address of a place on a map
projection
a system of mapping the round Earth on a flat surface

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