KMS Russia & Eurasian Republics

Geography
15-1
1. Eurasia
Term used to refer to a single continent made up of Europe & Asia
15-1
2. Ural Mountains
A north-south mountain range that forms the border between Europe & Asia
15-1
3. tundra
A treeless plain around the Arctic Ocean; in Russia, located in the far north
15-1
4. taiga
a vast forest in Russia that lies south of the tundra
15-1
5. steppe
a grassy plain; in Russia, this area lies south of the taiga
15-1
6. permafrost
ground that is frozen throughout the year
15-2
7. czar (zahr)
title for the rulers of Russia from the mid=1500s to the early 1900s
15-2
8. Bolsheviks
a group of revolutionaries who took control of the Russian government in 1917
15-2
9. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or Soviet Union)
a new nation with a Communist government created by the Bolsheviks in 1922; dissolved in 1991
15-2
10. totalitarian
a government that controls public and private life
15-2
11. Cold War
a conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union after World War II that never developed into open warfare
9-3
12. Cyrillic alphabet
the official writing system of Russia
9-3
13. propaganda
information that deliberately tries to influence opinion
9-4
14. Chechnya
a largely Islamic republic in southwestern Russia that continues to fight for its independence
15-4
15. command economy
an economic system in which the production of goods and services is controlled by a central government
15-4
16. market economy
an economic system in which the production of goods and services is decided by the supply and demand of consumers
15-4
17. privatization
the process of selling government-owned businesses to private individuals
15-4
18. shock therapy
term applied to Yeltsin’s economic plan, which called for an abrupt shift from a command economy to a market economy
16-1
19. Trancaucasia
a region between the Black and Caspian seas that contains the republics of Armenia, Azerbaijan & Georgia
16-1
20. Central Asia
a region that contains the republics of Kazakhsta,
Krygyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan & Uzbekistan
16-1
21. landlocked
completely surrounded by land
16-2
22. Russification
the process of making a culture more Russian
16-2
23. yurt
a portable, tent-like structure used by the nomads of Central Asia
16-3
24. foreign investment
money put into a business by people from another country

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