KMS South Asia Vocabulary

Geography
caste
a social class that a person belongs to by birth
Hinduism
the modern name for the major religion of India
Buddhism
a major world religion based on the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama
Buddha
a name, meaning the “enlightened one,” used for Siddhartha Gautama
Taj Mahal
a beautiful tomb built by the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan to honor his wife
Mohandas Gandhi
a 20th-century Indian who helped lead his country to independence by using nonviolent resistance to colonial rule
nonviolent resistance
a method of protest that draws attention to a problem without using violence
Bhagavad-Gita
one of the sacred writings on Hinduism
reincarnation
the rebirth of a soul in another body
karma
in Hinduism, the consequences of a person’s actions in this life, which determines his or her fate in the next life
nirvana
in Buddhism, a state of wisdom that breaks the cycle of reincarnation
Kashmir
a region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent; India and Pakistan dispute control of Kashmir
Green Revolution
the use of special seeds, irrigation, fertilizers, and pesticides to produce high crop yields and food production
cottage industry
a small business in which the workers manufacture items in their homes
Bangalore
Indian city that is hone to many high-tech industries
Taliban
a conservative Islamic group that took control of Afghanistan in the mid-1990’s.
Ramadan
the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, during which Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset each day
fast
to avoid eating, often for religious reasons
constitutional monarchy
a government in which the powers of the king or queen are limited by the constitution
ecotourism
travel to unique environments by people who take care to preserve them in their natural state
archipelago 
group of islands 

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