Landforms Vocabulary

Geography
BAY
a body of water that is partly enclosed by land, smaller than a gulf.
CAPE
a piece of land jutting into the sea or some other large body of water.
COAST
the land next to the sea; seashore
CONTINENT
one of the seven main landmasses of the globe.
DELTA
a low, watery land formed at the mouth of a river.
DUNE
a hill or ridge made of sand; usually formed by the wind.
GULF
a part of the ocean or sea that is almost enclosed by land, larger than a bay.
HARBOR
a part of a body of water along the shore deep enough for anchoring a ship.
ISLAND
a piece of land that is surrounded by water.
ISTHMUS
a narrow strip of land connecting two larger pieces of land.
LAKE
a large body of water surrounded by land on all sides.
MOUNTAIN
a natural elevation of the Earth’s surface, rising to an altitude usually greater than 2,000 ft.
OCEAN
a large body of saltwater that surrounds a continent.
PENINSULA
a body of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
PLAIN
flat lands that only have small changes in elevations.
PLATEAU
a large, flat area of land that is higher than the surrounding land.
RIVER
a large, flowing body of water that usually empties into a sea or ocean
VALLEY
a low place between mountains.
VOLCANO
a vent in the Earth’s crust through which lava, steam, and ash are released.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *