Latin America Geography

Geography
Megacities
Cities with over 10 million people and high growth and population densities.
Llanos
s a vast tropical grassland plain situated at the east of the Andes in northwestern South America (Colombia and Venezuela). Its main river is the Orinoco
Orinoco River
s one of the longest rivers in South America at 2,140 km, (1,330 miles). Its drainage basin, covers 880,000 km?, 76.3% in Venezuela with the rest in Colombia.
Altiplano
where the Andes are at their widest, is the most extensive area of high plateau on earth outside of Tibet. It is an area of inland drainage lying in the central Andes, occupying parts of Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador. Its height averages about 3,300 meters (11,000 feet), somewhat less than that of Tibet
Environmental Lapse Rate
is the negative of the actual change of temperature with altitude of the stationary atmosphere at a specific time and specific location.
Colombian Exchange
has been one of the most significant events in the history of world ecology, agriculture, and culture. The term is used to describe the enormous widespread exchange of plants, animals, foods, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases, and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres that occurred after 1492.
Shining Path
Communist Party in Peru. A Maoist guerrilla organization in Peru
favelas
the Brazilian equivalent of a shanty town
Mestizo
a Spanish term that was formerly used in the Spanish Empire and continues to be used today in Latin America and the Philippines to refer to people of mixed European (Spaniard) and Amerindian ancestry living in the region of Latin America.[
Mullato
Mixed race person
zambo
is a Spanish term (the Portuguese language term is Cafuso) that was used in the Spanish Empire and continues to be used today to identify individuals in Hispanic America who are of mixed African and Amerindian ancestry. The word originated from the Romance and Latin language.
treaty of tordesillas
Signed June 7, 1494, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe into an exclusive duopoly between the Spanish and the Portuguese along a north-south meridian
Maquiladora
a factory that imports materials and equipment on a duty-free and tariff-free basis for assembly or manufacturing and then re-exports the assembled product, usually back to the originating country.
Atacama Dessert
Driest dessert in the world located on the Chilean coast.
Pampas
High agricultural area of the southern tip of south america mostly Argentina and Uruguay.
Buenos Aries
Argentina capital. Primate city.
Georgetown
Guyana Capital
Caracas
Venezuela capital
Mexico City
Megalopolis, Mexican Capital
Guatemala City
Guatemala capital
San Salvador
El Salvador capital
Belmopan
Belize Capital
Tegucigalpa
Honduras capital
managua
Nicaragua capital
San Jose
Costa Rica Capital
Panama City
Panama Capital
Bogata
Columbian Capital
Quito
Ecuador Capital
Lima
Peru Capital
La paz
Bolivia capital
Santiago
Chile capital
Montevideo
Uruguay capital
Tierra Del Fuego
Islands at the southern tip of south america
Falklands
Also known as Islas Malvinas, islands off the east coast of the southern tip of south america
Upper Huallaga Valley
Coca cultivation area in peru
Chapare
Bolivian coca cultivating area
Caqueta and Medillin
Coca cultivating regions in columbia. Also home to cartels
Mato grosso
Plateau in western Brazil
Tierra caliente
Hot country, Produces sugar cane, tropical fruits, lowland tubers, maize, rice, poultry, pigs, zebu cattle
FARC
Revolutionary armed forces, rebel group in columbia.
Tierra templada
coffee maize warm weather vegetables, cut flowers, short hourn cattle
Tierra fria
Cold country, wheat barley, maize, cool weather vegetables, apples, pears, dairying, short horn cattle
Tierra Helada
Highland grains, tubers, sheep, llama, alpaca

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