Map Skills

Geography
bar scale
represents distances between points on a map
compass rose
contains arrows that point to all four principle (or cardinal) directions
degrees
used to measure distance between parallels and meridians (°)
globe
scale model of the Earth
equator
imaginary line that circles the globe between the North and South Poles and measures 0° latitude
hemisphere
one half of the globe
latitude
east-west lines in the grid
legend
key; explains what the symbols on a map represent
locator map
shows where in the world the area on the map is located
longitude
north-south lines in the grid
map
flat diagram of all or part of Earth’s surface
map projection
way of showing the round planet on a flat map
meridians
lines of longitude
parallels
lines of latitude
physical map
show the major physical features of a region
political map
show the major political features of a region
prime meridian
imaginary line running through Greenwich, England and measures 0° longitude
title
shows what the subject of the map is

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