Map Skills Unit Test

Geography
latitude
imaginary lines that circle the earth north and south of the equator.
continent
the largest bodies of land
ocean
Earth’s largest bodies of water
hemisphere
divides the world in half
longitude
imaginary lines that go from the North Pole to the South Pole
prime meridian
imaginary line of longitude that divides the world into western and eastern hemispheres
cardinal directions
north, south, east, and west
intermediate directions
the “in-between” directions; northwest, northeast, southeast, southwest
compass rose
helps you find directions on a map
symbol
picture that represents something
key or legend
explains the symbols on a map
title
word or phrase that tells what the map is about
scale
a tool for measuring distance on a map
political map
a map that shows information such as cities, capitals, states and countries
physical map
shows the natural features of the earth
landform map
a type of physical map that shows mountains, hills, plains, lakes, rivers, etc.
elevation map
a map that shows the height of land above sea level
mountain
a high, rugged landform
plateau
a high landform that is flat on top
valley
the low land between mountains
island
a piece of land that is surrounded by water on all sides
peninsula
a piece of land that is surrounded by water on all three sides

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