Map Terms

Geography
Prime Meridian
imaginary line that cuts Earth in half from the North Pole to the South Pole
Globe
most accurate map of Earth
Compass
instrument for finding directions
hemisphere
half of Earth
scale
tells how much smaller the distance on a map is compared with the actual distance
latitude
imaginary lines running east to west to show distance in degrees
oceans
largest bodies of water
cardinal points
four main directions on a compass; north, south, west, & east
longitude
imaginary lines running from north to south
compass rose
a symbol on maps that show cardinal and/or intermediate points
continents
large land masses surrounded by water
equator
imaginary line that circles Earth halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
intermediate points
points in between the cardinal directions; northeast, northwest, southeast, & southwest
prime meridian
imaginary line that cuts Earth in half from the North Pole to the South pole
geography
study of our physical and cultural surroundings

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