Middle East North Africa

Geography
OPEC
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.It controls the price and production of oil.[image]
monotheism
The belief in one god.
ziggurat
Sumerian pyramid-like structure built for their gods to descend to earth.[image]
cuneiform
First form of writing, invented in Sumer.A wedge shaped stick was used to make impressions in wet clay tablets, and then the clay was dried.[image]
terrorism
Use of violent and terrifying actions for political purposes.
refinery
A place where some crude substances, such as petroleum are broken down and its usable componenets are extracted in pure form.[image]
cereal
Any grain such as barley, oats, or wheat grown for food.[image]
bedouin
A member of the nomadic desert peoples of North Africa and Southwest Asia.[image]
Nationalism
The belief of the people that they have the right to their own independent nation.
Aswan High Dam
A giant dam in southeastern Egypt, on the Nile River.[image]
Mosque
In Islam, a house of public worship.[image]
Koran (Qur’an)
Sacred book of Muslims, containing the religious and moral code of Islam.[image]
nomad
A member of a group or tribe that has no permanant home and moves from place to place in search of food.
phosphate
Natural mineral containing chemical compounds often used in fertilizers.
prophet
A person believed to be a messenger from God.[image]
Torah
Hand written scrolls containing the whole body of Jewish teaching, thought, and literature, used in a synagogue during services.
wadi
In a desert, a streambed that is dry except during a heavy rain.
Bible
Sacred writing of the Christian religion, including the Old and New Testaments.[image]
oasis
A small area in a desert where water and vegetation are found, usually because of underground springs.
qanats
Underground canals used in water systems of ancient Persians.
Hebrew
The religious language of Judaism.
petrochemical
Chemical product derived from petroleum or natural gas.[image]
aquifer
Underground water-bearing layers of porous rock, sand or gravel.[image]
desalination
The removal of salt from seawater to make it usable for drinking and farming.[image]
suq
An enclosed marketplace in the regions of North Africa and Southwest Asia.[image]
hieroglyphics
An Egyptian writing system using pictures and symbols to represent words or sounds.[image]

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