NAME Test

Geography
What is the longest river in the world?
Nile River
The Aswan Dam controls the flooding of the Nile and created this artificial lake.
Lake Nasser
Nomadic herds of sheep, goats, and camels graze on this area called what?
Kara Kums
The indigenous group of people before the Arabs in North Africa are known as?
Berbers
60 inches of rain falls at the foot of these mountains in northern Iran.
Elburz
The main ethnic group in North Africa is called?
Bedouins
Most Arabs worship what religion?
Islam
Hebrew and Judaism are characteristics of what group of people found in the Eastern Mediterranean?
Jews
Fighting between the Israelis and Palestinians happens almost daily in these 2 places.
West Bank and Gaza Strip
In what year did Mohammed die causing a split in Muslims?
632
What empire had control of the region for almost 600 years?
Ottoman
This country’s people speak Farsi and are 90% Shiite Muslim.
Iran
This country has only 35% Sunni Muslim and speaks Arabic.
Iraq
These people live in the mountains in Iraq, Iran, and Turkey w/ no “home” of their own.
Kurds
Saudi Arabia’s laws are Islamic laws based on the Koran, which means they follow?
Shari’ah
What is the dominant ethnic group of Central Asia called?
Pashtun
What country is a cultural and religious enclave with a population of 90% Christians?
Armenia
1971 the USSR fought what group of freedom fighters in Afghanistan?
Mujahadeen
What 2 factors have contributed to high infant mortality rate in NE Kazakhstan?
Nuclear testing and Heavy Industry
What Sea has shrunk almost 80% since Soviet Era irrigation has depleted it?
Aral Sea
This region has _____ of the world’s oil and _____ of the world’s natural gas.
60%; 50%
The Suez Canal connects the _______ _______ and the ____________________ _______.
Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea
When Muhammad died, it created the ___________ and ___________ factions of Muslims in the Islamic faith.
Sunni and Shiite (Shia)
_______ ___________ provided protection for many Middle Eastern countries from the Ottoman Empire.
Great Britain
____ groups of tribal territories ruled by a religious leader called _____________ make up the United Arab Emirates.
7; Sheikdoms
One of the 5 pillars of Islam is to make a pilgrimage to Mecca called a ________.
Hajj
One of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan’s industries deals with _____________.
Silkworms
Removing salt from saltwater to make drinking water is called ___________________.
Desalinization
What 3 Middle Eastern countries became monarchies when they gained their independence?
Saudi Arabia
Kuwait
Qatar
What does OPEC stand for and what countries make it up?
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Venezuela
Iraq
Iran
Kuwait
Saudi Arabia
Name and describe the 3 religions that define the Eastern Mediterranean. (21 pts)

Religion
Worshipers
Holy Book(s)
God
Prophet
Holy City
Place of Worship

See your religion chart
Invasion, migration, and colonization of North Africa have caused a mixture of ethnic groups. Name those groups and the culture they brought w/ them.
See your notes
Tourism is a huge economic activity in this region. Give me 3 examples of historical places to visit and 3 examples of religious places to visit?
Historical…
Religious…
Explain the reason for the split in the Shiite and Sunni factions of Islam.
Death of Muhammad in 632 leads to split due to practice. Shiites are relations of Muhammad. Sunnis are followers. Describe the difference using the video we watched in class.
The indigenous group of people before the Arabs in North Africa are known as?
Berber

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