North Africa & Southwest Asia

Geography
civilization
culture that includes certain elements such as a system of writing, cities, and workers with specialized jobs
irrigation system
planned series of ditches to control flooding and to better water land
city-state
city and its surrounding country-side
threocracy
form of government in which one individual ruled as both religious leader and king
cuneiform
Sumerian form of writing using wooden triangular-shaped sticks in teh form of hundreds of different wedge-shaped markings on moist clay tablets
empire
group of lads under one ruler
delta
area formed from soil deposited by a river at its mouth
pharaoh
ruler of Ancient Egypt
polytheistic
believing in more than one god
embalm
to treat a dead body to protect from decay
pyramid
huge stone structure that served as an elaborate tomb or monument
heiroglyphics
ancient form of writing that used signs and symbols
papyrus
tall plant of the nile valley, used in making a form of paper
scribe
one who records information by writing
monotheism
belief that there is only on god
Diaspora
collective name for scattered Jewish settlements around the world.
scapegoat
one who is wrongly blamed by others
messiah
in Judaim and Christianity, a savior sent by god
disciple
follower of a specific teacher
minister
to take care of or tend to another’s needs
five pillars of faith
basic religious obligations of Islam
Crusades
holy wars sponsored by the Catholic church to capture Jerusalem from the Muslims
hajj
rekious journey to Makkah that Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetimes if they are able to do so

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